The number of vertebrates has declined by 60% over the period 1970-2014 years. This was announced by world wide Fund for nature (WWF) in the report “Living planet”, released October 30, 2018, in which scientists analyzed data from 16 704 4005 populations of the species.
According to the report, the average number of populations of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fishes over the past 40 years have declined by more than half. The sharpest declines were recorded in South and Central America at 89% since 1970. The most vulnerable freshwater species populations declined by 83%.
Scientists call the main cause of biodiversity loss, the so-called “great acceleration” — a phenomenon in which since 1950, all indicators of human activity rapidly increased (mining, urbanization, the increasing number of the population). This provoked a sharp increase in demand for power and territory led to the fact that the planet has experienced an unprecedented change.
According to scientists, humanity has entered a new era — the anthropocene — when that person will be a key factor, which modifies the climate and environment.
Changes have occurred on the European continent. Coordinator, freshwater, WWF areas in Ukraine Olga Denisik noted that endangered species are now serious as ever.
“The fastest disappearing species associated with freshwater ecosystems. One of the last Ukrainian losses — the European sturgeon, which is also called the Atlantic. This species outlived the dinosaurs and a massive extinction of species on the planet, but it was destroyed due to human activities. Next in line — the disappearance of sturgeon species”, she said.
In addition to sturgeon European, in Ukraine over the last 50 years has disappeared monk seal, oceanic whitetip and common European ground squirrel. Team WWF in Ukraine initiated the campaign “Disappearing page. 404” to attract attention of Ukrainians to the loss of biodiversity.
Fund called on governments, business and civil society organizations to take a new course on such a relationship between man and nature, which will help not only to stop the loss of biodiversity, but also restore it to its original condition.
We will remind, earlier American paleobiology came to the conclusion that the Earth may, is facing a new mass extinction of living species. If species, officially classified as “in critical danger”, “danger” and “vulnerable” really will become extinct and if the rate of extinction will remain the same, the sixth wave of mass extinction is coming in 3-22 centuries.
It is estimated that to date, in different groups of animals have become extinct 1-2% of the species.
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