About gallstone disease (GSD) there are many myths. This disease is widespread in recent decades, when people began to lead a sedentary lifestyle, and abusing junk food and oily food.
Today GSD found even in children. What is the danger?
The main danger of gallstones is that the person does not feel symptoms until then, until you begin to develop serious complications. But the mere presence of gallstones already in danger. They are constantly mechanically applied to the wall, resulting in the development of chronic inflammation of the gallbladder. Sometimes the inflammatory process affects the pancreas, which is located as close as possible to the bladder. In some cases, prolonged stone in the bile can cause the development of tumors.
The most common complications of cholelithiasis arise when the stones begin to move. They can clog the bile ducts that may lead to acute cholecystitis (inflammation of gall bladder), ducts and liver (causes jaundice), duct of the pancreas (causing acute pancreatitis).
If complications are not promptly treated, there is a high probability of perforation (rupture) of the gallbladder wall, which is almost guaranteed to lead to peritonitis, a massive inflammation of the entire abdominal cavity.
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The first stage of acute cholecystitis — can occur without symptoms. But still, there are ominous signs of that which is necessary to pay attention. It is sudden pain in the right upper quadrant, fever, nausea, vomiting, violations of the chair. Acute cholecystitis is rare, and due to it, most often, is the presence of stones in the gallbladder.
In chronic cholecystitis, in addition to the above symptoms, the person may feel pain in the right hypochondrium, radiating to other parts of the abdomen, sometimes even in the heart, bitter taste in the mouth, belching. How to treat?
The “gold standard” in the treatment of gallstone disease today is laparoscopic (minimally invasive) removal of the gallbladder. But it is important that to carry out this operation outside the period of exacerbation, to avoid the development of possible complications.
Of course, in the acute stage of cholecystitis with cholelithiasis, this operation is also necessary, but risk, cost and duration of the rehabilitation period will be much higher. If inflammation of the affected pancreas or developed peritonitis, the prognosis significantly worsens. That is why it is important the timely diagnosis and start treatment for this disease until the first symptoms.
Modern laparoscopic surgery practically not bring any discomfort to the patient, do not hurt the skin and internal organs, are characterized by a short recovery period (up to two days in the hospital), and most importantly — allows you to get rid of the disease forever.
The effectiveness of the drug “dissolution” of stones today does not have sufficient evidence. Such a method can be “working” with cholesterol stones, but this variant is extremely rare. As a rule, doctors have to deal with mixed stones, and in this case, the result of “dissolution” is rarely positive.
And of course, in any case can not try to cure GSD “popular” and “unconventional” methods. This approach is not only ineffective, but dangerous. How to prevent?
According to statistics, the risk of development of cholelithiasis increases with age. The stage of greatest risk a man enters after 70 years. Accordingly, the older a person gets, the more attention should be paid to prevention. Also, there is evidence that women suffer more often than men. A special risk category — pregnant women. They need to be especially attentive to their health, and to the formation of gall stones in particular.
There are factors that significantly increase the risk of cholelithiasis, they should try to avoid all people, but especially those who are at risk. These factors: incorrect eating behavior: starvation, overeating, unbalanced diet; sedentary lifestyle; obesity; taking certain medicinal products (hormonal contraceptives, fibrates, estrogens); the presence of allergic reactions.
Rules of prevention of cholelithiasis simple and for everyone, but their implementation will significantly reduce the risk of developing this unpleasant disease.
– Adhere to the principles of proper, balanced nutrition.
In the diet should prevail foods with moderate and low energy values: beef, chicken, rabbit, eggs, mackerel, horse mackerel, low-fat herring, pike, carp, hake, low-fat cottage cheese, milk (if you carry it well), yogurt, fruits, boiled or steamed vegetables. Limit the amount of fatty, fried foods, sweet in the diet — sugar, industrial pastries, sodas, animal fats, offal (liver, kidneys). Not to be ruled out completely, if any of these products you really want — a few times a week can afford it (if the health condition allows). Develop the habit of eating Breakfast every day (preferably an hour after waking up). Eat regularly, every 3-4 hours in small portions — this contributes to a continuous flow of bile and prevents it from stagnating.
Avoid constipation, if you have a tendency to them — be sure to visit a gastroenterologist and plan therapy.
– Pay sufficient attention to physical activity.
It is important to note, sufficient — not so intense. Daily classes in the gym — not the best thing you can do for prevention. Often for good health enough daily walk at a moderate pace for 30 minutes. Also welcome swimming, light Jogging, yoga. If you have doubts as to whether you should exercise, pre-consult with your doctor.
If you have excess weight, adjust it.
– People from the risk group (those who have relatives suffered from or suffer from gall stones) once a year need to undergo ultrasound examination of abdominal cavity.
Listen to yourself, take care of yourself and stay healthy.
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