The Senate bill focuses on deterring Russia and China

The draft appropriations Act for defense extends restrictions on military cooperation with Russia and introduces some prohibitions China

In the us Senate began discussion prepared by the Committee on the armed forces bill on defense policy for fiscal year 2019 that provides for the cost of $ 716 billion.

Special attention is paid to containment of Russia and China, which are seen by US threats.

The appropriation act for national defense in 2019 expresses “the opinion of the Senate” about the need for broad long-term strategy, including the European allies, “using all elements of national power of the United States, to deter, and if necessary, and the reflection of the Russian aggression”.

This appeal involves the placement of the armored brigade combat team forward deployed to the US Army in Europe. The bill also provides for the preparation of a report on the feasibility of placing a permanent brigade combat team in Poland, which has sent US this proposal in may.

The bill also requires that the US Army got forces and means to address gaps in the system of defense from cruise missiles to protect against threats from China and Russia.

The document authorizes, the U.S. Cyber command to take “appropriate and proportionate” measures to disrupt, deter and protect against systematic attacks in Russia in the cyberspace.

According to employees of Committee, these provisions are included to Orient the activities of the Pentagon on the “competition of the great powers”, which is the focus of the Strategy of national defence.

The bill volume of 1140 pages covers a wide range of political and financial matters, including payments to soldiers, purchase weapons, and reform of the bureaucracy.

The document will undergo many months of debate in Congress before it becomes law. It needs to be coordinated with a similar document, approved by the House of representatives in may.

The Senate bill extends the restrictions on military cooperation between the US and Russia and provides for continued assistance to Ukraine in the security sphere, with funding of $ 200 million.

It also calls for the development of a comprehensive strategy to counter the influence of Russia and was instructed to prepare a report on Russia’s cooperation with Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela in the sphere of security.

The document expresses the opinion of the Senate that if Turkey were to purchase Russian anti-aircraft missile systems s-400, then the President must impose sanctions against it.

In parts of China, the bill prohibits the Pentagon to use telecommunications equipment or services from Chinese companies Huawei Technologies and ZTE Corp.

It prohibits China to participate in international naval exercises off the Pacific coast led by the United States if Beijing does not stop draining marine areas, will not bring weapons drained sites and will not participate in stabilizing the situation.

The document also envisages the drafting of several reports on Chinese aggression, including details of the “military and coercive acts” of China in the South China sea. In may, the United States withdrew sent China an invitation to participate in the upcoming military exercise RIMPAC.

The bill also prohibits the Pentagon to Fund a program to study Chinese language at universities where a Confucius Institute, and includes the wording on countering China’s efforts “to influence the media, cultural institutions, business, academic and political community in the United States.”