The Durham police has been criticized for the privacy of the organizers of the campaign on the “raw” data used in the software to help prosecute offenders.
The tool helped to predict which people were likely to commit more crimes.
For generating their evaluations on recidivism, which was based on data collected by the credit reference firm Experian.
Durham said that the tool helped to identify those people most at risk of recidivism so that they could provide more help to “improve their opportunities in life”.
Experian said the information was extracted largely from surveys and public data, and they tried to avoid stereotypes in their descriptions.
The reduction of damages
In Durham, the use of data came to light as part of a research digital and privacy rights group Big Brother Watch (BBW) of the police force of AI research.
It was said that Durham had been working on a software that is called the Damage Assessment of Risk Tool (Hart) that tried to find out if the suspects were in low, moderate, or high risk of recidivism.
Hart was trained using the information about 104,000 stories of people previously arrested and prosecuted in Durham for a period of five years. This was expanded with additional information about offenders based on what they did up to two years after being processed.
In a blog of FAT, said the police data has expanded the use of a set of data from Experian, called Mosaic, which was produced after profiles of all the 50 million adults in the united kingdom.
Among the broader categories of Mosaic classifies people into groups called “disconnected youth”, “Asian heritage” and “dependent of gray.” The categories were annotated with the style of life of the details such as “heavy TV viewers”, “overcrowded housing” and “families with needs.”
In a statement, Silkie Carlo, director of Big Brother Watch said that it was “creepy” for Experian, to collect information on millions of people and sell it in the organizations.
“But for the police to feed these crude and offensive profiling via artificial intelligence to make decisions about the liberty and justice in the united kingdom is actually dystopian,” he said.
In response, Sheena Urwin, head of criminal justice at Durham Police, said that they worked with Experian to improve their understanding of the local communities.
“Our goal is to reduce the damage to the communities we serve and improve the life opportunities for the people who come in contact with,” she said.
The experimental research project that involves Hart tried to find out if it was possible to predict the likelihood of someone reoffending, ” said ms Urwin. Some of those who are at a high risk of obtaining support to limit that risk, he added.
Hart was only one of the elements that Durham into account when evaluating offenders and the final decision was left with the force of the custody of the sergeants in place of the software, ” said ms Urwin.
Experian said many organisations, including charities and Ngos, uses the same data of Durham to gain a better understanding of a person it is likely that the style of life based in the place where they lived.
“In the creation of descriptions and labels that are always sensitive to the way in which we describe and name the clusters, the thinking about how these tags can appear to a consumer,” he said.
“We adopt strong ethical standards in the wording we use and when a new Mosaic is built, these names and descriptions of go through various stages of approval.”