US switch over to hefty import duties

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The main trading partner of the US President Donald Trump have condemned for the signing of new tariffs on steel and aluminum-imports.

China described it as a “serious attack” on the system of international trade.

French Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire said there were “only losers” in a trade war.

Mr Trump says the United States has suffered from “unfair trade” and that rates increase in the U.S. industry.

The import duty – 25% steel and 10% aluminum effect occurs in 15 days, although Canada and Mexico are excluded, while the negotiations about the North America Free Trade Agreement (Nafta).

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Mr Trump, the Declaration signed in a White house ceremony attended by American workers from the two areas.

What has been the international reaction?

China’s steel and metals associations demanded retribution, urges the government to the goal of U.S. imports, including coal, agricultural products and electronics.

Japan , said the import duties would have a “large impact” on bilateral relations, while South Korea was threatened, the subject in the world trade organization.

Canada, the largest supplier of stainless steel and aluminum, the US welcomed his release, but said it would continue to press Washington to drop the tariffs.

Mexico’s economy Minister, Ildefonso Guajardo, the rates could not be linked to each other, speaks to the Nafta Region.

EU trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstroem tweeted that, as a close ally of the United States, the Block should be excluded from the tariffs.

The British government said it would work with EU partners to consider “the scope for exceptions”, while “strong” support for the British industry.

Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said the US had “no complaints” about their bilateral trade relations, and his government will “relentlessly” pursuing an exemption from the fees. What about in the USA?

There was strong opposition within Mr Trump’s own Republican party, traditionally in favor of free trade.

U.S. speaker of the house of representatives Paul Ryan condemned the new measures and said that he feared “unintended consequences”.

Republican Senator Orrin Hatch, the Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, said that he believed the President was “mistaken”, by advising him in the White house.

Other Republican Senator, Jeff Flake, said he would make the design and introduction of a bill nullifying the tariffs, added: “I urge to hand over to my colleagues, before you caused this exercise in protectionism more damage to the economy.”

But those who move supported Mr. Trump, including the democratic Senator Joe Manchin, who said it was “high time to defend our interests, our safety, and our workers in the global economy”.Why did Donald Trump do?

In his election campaign, Mr Trump pledged to protect the American worker and the recovery of the steel and aluminum industry.

The two metals are “the backbone of our nation… the basis of our defence-industrial base,” the President said on Thursday the signing ceremony.Steel tariffs: What impact do you really have?

“Our biggest presidents Washington, Jackson, Lincoln, McKinley, and others – they protected our country to influence from the outside, from other countries come and steal our wealth, to steal our jobs and steal our business,” he said.

“And we will be very fair, we are very flexible, but we go for the protection of the American worker, as I said I would do in my campaign.”

Correspondents say Mr Trump is aiming to appeal to blue-collar voters in States such as Pennsylvania, turned away from the Democrats to support him in 2016.What could happen next?

Mr Trump has said that the US would “win big” in a trade war.

Some countries are likely to take the US to court, with the argument that the decision rules against the World Trade organization.

The White house, however, says that national security is the justification for the move was “unassailable” and national security considerations may rules under the WTO.

The Director of UK steel said that the duties would have a profound and detrimental effect on the British iron and steel industry.

“The imposition of such measures on the allies of the United States in the name of national security is hard to understand,” Gareth Stace added.