Materials media: “the Vampire guard of Orthodoxy. The idea of Dracula-bloodsucker could be explained by the transition of Vlad III to Catholicism”

The historical prototype of the famous tokarevskogo vampire Vlad III Tepes Dracula was a Wallachian Prince who fought against the Ottoman Empire. In the period of his reign he was actively supported by the Orthodox Church of Wallachia. However, there is a version that at a certain stage of life, caught in difficult dangerous situation, Dracula converted to Catholicism.

The future Prince Tepes was raised and grew up in an Orthodox family and was very religious. However, in his youth, his faith had been severely tested when he was in Turkish captivity. At that time, Wallachia was under Ottoman influence. In 1444 the Sultan decided to ensure the loyalty of Prince Vlad II. He demanded that the Wallachian ruler sent him two of their children as hostages. The Prince was forced to obey the Sultan and sent to Turkey by his two sons, Vlad and Radu. Captive Prince tried to convert to Islam, subjected to intimidation, psychological pressure. While Parliament was able to make friends with the heir to the Ottoman throne, Mehmed. Later, Radu converted to Islam. Vlad was shocked by the act of his brother. Soon, his existence as a hostage deteriorated as the Prince of Wallachia took part in anti-Turkish crusade. There is evidence that Vlad tortured and continues to convince to renounce Orthodoxy. Despite the serious impact that Dracula has remained faithful to his faith.

In 1447, Vlad II and his eldest son Mircea were killed in a coup carried out by the Hungarians and Wallachian boyars. Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary Janos Hunyadi gave the throne of Wallachia to his protege, Vladislav. The news of the death of a parent and the older brother was the last straw for Dracula after all the turmoil. The tragedy has finally hardened his character.

After his father’s death ended the hold Dracula in the status of the hostage. The Sultan decided to help Vlad regain its rightful throne, because they believed that in gratitude, the will to obey him. With the help of the Turkish squad Dracula in October 1448 was overthrown by Vladislav II and took the throne of Wallachia. Rada decided not to leave the country and to serve the Ottomans, in the future, the brothers finally become enemies. But should go back to Vlad. After gaining power he briefly had a chance to rule. Vladislav II addressed to Hunyadi, and with the help of his troops had forced Vlad to flee. In 1456 Dracula, gaining an army of volunteers in Transylvania, with the support of the boyars, he regained his power in the Principality. Vladislav was killed.

The first thing Vlad found out what the boyars participated in the murder of his father and brother, invited them to a feast in the midst of the party ordered to execute the guilty. Further destruction have become the target of thieves, robbers. The Prince didn’t stop, he was greatly addicted to cruelty and was sentenced to death unwanted and innocent people.

Despite the ferocity, Dracula was always deeply devout Christian. He sought to strengthen the position of Orthodoxy in the territory under his control. Vlad gave the monastic clergy of the land, which in the past belonged to different nobles. In addition, he actively made donations to various monasteries and temples. It is also known that the ruler founded a new religious objects. In 1460-1461, by his order, near the city of Giurgiu was established a monastery. In 1461 in Targsor the Prince built the temple. He did not stop and began to make donations to mount Athos monasteries. There is a view that for the protection of Christianity and shut out the Muslim attack on Europe Dracula started the war with the Ottoman Empire. The struggle with the Turks the ruler was conducted successfully and he gained a reputation as a national hero. Wallachian Metropolitan Macarius at the time had a strong anti-Turkish position, and because of Vlad III began a war with the Ottoman Empire, between the priest and the Prince had a good relationship.

Vlad III knew how to combine the uncombinable tendencies – especially religiosity and a penchant for terrible actions. The most favorite method of execution he had impalement. For this the Prince received the nickname Tepes, meaning “put on a stake” or “the Impaler”. With some time he began to dine next to executed people. “Once dined Dracula among the corpses impaled, many of them were around the table, he ate among them, and pleasure. But his servant, served him food, could not tolerate the stench and covered his nose and turned away. The same ask him: “What are you doing?” And he replied: “the Emperor can not stand this stench.” Dracula immediately ordered to put him on a stake, saying, “There you sit high, and the stench you will be away!” is from the ancient story “the Legend of Dracula-voivode”.

As any person of the middle Ages, Vlad believed in the religious concept of afterlife existence of human beings. The ruler understood that according to Christian doctrine for the lifestyle that he led, it is threatened by punishment in hell. At the same time the Prince was not going to change. He believed that through devotion, the support of the Church his soul has a chance to attain salvation and go to hell.

<…>

Leonid MAKSHANOV
“NG-Religii”
6 December 2017.

The full article, see the section “Monitoring of print media.”