According to the representative of the state Department, the global community is committed to lift sanctions against Zimbabwe
The United States has urged the leaders of Zimbabwe to ensure the country’s “genuine transition” to democracy to provide political space of the opposition and of dates people the opportunity to determine their future.
During a roundtable with reporters at the state Department on Monday evening, acting assistant Secretary for Africa Donald Yamamoto said that the implementation of the “real economic and political reform” plays a key role to meet the needs of Zimbabwe.
The announcement came a few hours before the speaker of the Parliament of Zimbabwe has declared that President Robert Mugabe has resigned.
According to Yamamoto, the world community “wants to remove the sanctions,” Zimbabwe and wants to see our country play a positive role in ensuring the stability of neighbouring States.
In order that Washington could lift sanctions, it is necessary that the Zimbabwean authorities comply with due legal procedures, to respect human rights and gave the opposition a real opportunity to form a government, said Yamamoto.
“We don’t want the government or the ruling party ZANU-PF have made the manipulation by holding hasty elections, not taking into account the many reforms that it wants to hold the opposition and giving the people of Zimbabwe political space in order to be able to Express what they want from the new government,” he said.
US Ambassador to Zimbabwe Harry Thomas holds closed meeting with representatives of ZANU-PF and the opposition in an attempt to stimulate the development of the political process.
USA for many years actively criticised violations of human rights and the rule of law in Zimbabwe, urging the government to go forward in a peaceful democratic evolution.
Among the measures taken against the Mugabe regime, was the financial sanctions against several physical and legal persons, sanctions, a ban on the transfer of goods and services related to defence, as well as suspending non-humanitarian aid on the government level.
Despite strained political relations, the United States occupied first place on humanitarian relief and development assistance in Zimbabwe.
“We have identified about 220 million in assistance to Zimbabwe, but these funds come into the country not through government,” says Yamamoto, adding that the aid is distributed through non-profit organizations and community leaders and focused on the development of health and social structures.
According to Yamamoto, the U.S. foresaw the intervention of the military in Zimbabwe.
“It was possible to predict, given our assessment of the situation in Zimbabwe,” said he, answering the question about whether the United States previously informed about the forthcoming intervention. Earlier it was reported that the US and South Africa have been warned.
“Zimbabwe’s military has signaled that it is acceptable to them (in terms of the actions of Mugabe), and that is unacceptable,” he said.