Parliamentary elections in the Netherlands: the defeat of the populists and the victory of the European Union

MOSCOW, 16 Mar — RIA Novosti. On passed yesterday in the Netherlands parliamentary elections won by the party of Prime Minister Mark Rutte people’s party for freedom and democracy (NDSP), received 32 seats in Parliament. The skeptics, in the face of far-right “freedom Party”, contrary to expectations, took second place and can claim for 20 seats. Third place with a slight lag in one voice divide “Christian democratic appeal” and “Democrats-66”.

Since neither party gaining a majority (76 seats), the winner of the race will have to find partners to form a ruling coalition. So, it is likely that a coalition with NPSD will enter the party “Christian democratic appeal”, “Democrats 66” and “Green left”. According to RIA Novosti interviewed experts, the elections in the Netherlands showed the failure of extreme right populism in Europe.
The skeptics could not win

By results of calculation of 75% of the votes the leader of the “people’s party for freedom and democracy” (VVD) (32 seats in Parliament) led by the current Prime Minister mark Rutte, according to the Guardian newspaper. The second place (20 seats in Parliament) gets, the far-right “freedom Party” (PVV) led by Geert Wilders in third place with a slight lag in one voice divide “Christian democratic appeal” and “Democrats-66”.

The best result, according to the preliminary results showed the party “Green left”, increasing the number of seats in the Parliament from four in the last elections to 14. The outsider became the “labor Party”, 31 lost a parliamentary seat.

As Reuters reported, citing exit polls, voter turnout was 81% compared with 74.6% in 2012.

The lower house of the Dutch Parliament (the States General), elected for four years, consists of 150 seats. That is the bottom of the chamber belongs the right of legislative initiative and amendment.

Despite their comfortable margin in the polls in the past year, the far-right “freedom Party”, however, failed to win the election.

After the announcement, party leader and closest rival of the current Prime Minister Wilders admitted defeat, stating its readiness to participate in negotiations on forming a coalition.

“I would love us to become the biggest party (in Parliament), but we have increased the number of seats. This is a result to be proud of”, — he said near his office in the Parliament. In addition, Wilders promised that his party will submit a firm parliamentary opposition to the government.

“Party of freedom” in the Netherlands known for its liberal views on economic issues and tough policy against immigration. Party leader Geert Wilders has gained prominence due to its tough anti-Islamic rhetoric, where it is called the Dutch Donald trump.
The formation of a ruling coalition

Because the government is formed based on a parliamentary majority, the next step should be the formation of a ruling coalition in Parliament. The main question is which parties will be included in this coalition.

Since neither party gaining a majority (76 seats), the winner of the race will have to find partners to form a ruling coalition.

According to a senior research fellow of the Netherlands Institute of international relations Clingendael Tony van der Togt, the process of forming a coalition government will be difficult and long. “We need at least four parties to have a stable majority in the Parliament,” he said.

According to the Question, “of course, the party of Prime Minister Rutte and the VVD will be the leading, most likely the CDA, the Christian Democrats (“Christian democratic appeal”) and “Democrats-66″ subscribe”.

Fourth, the government can either become the party “Green left” or “Christian Union,” suggested the expert. In any case, “will be a long time before we will form a stable government,” he concluded.
The prospects of the new government

According to the head of Centre of Excellence the Jean Monnet (Centre of studies EC), expert of the International discussion club “Valdai” Tatiana Romanova, significant changes neither in the external nor in the internal politics of the Netherlands after the parliamentary elections should be expected.

“Sensation did not happen: Holland predictable to reverse the trend Brexit and trump. Significant changes neither in foreign policy nor in the sense of relations with the EU there should not be expected. Of course, there are poprawienie of the electorate, and the government will take this into account in terms of more stringent migration policies at the national level and at EU level”, — said the expert.

She also added that in terms of relations with Russia would not expect any changes.

In the Kremlin commented on the results of the elections, stating that it is monitoring the situation and are positive to continued dialogue with the new government.

“You know that Mr Rutte, Putin was repeatedly contacts, forthright, very productive. So if it so happens that Mr Rutte will continue to lead the government in the future, they will probably be able to continue the dialogue”, — said the press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov.
The defeat of the extreme right — victory for the EU

The majority of experts converge on the opinion that the defeat of the extreme right in the parliamentary elections in the Netherlands is a victory for the entire European Union.

“Of course, this is a serious defeat for the nationalists not only in the Netherlands but throughout the European Union. Before that, we watched the triumphal procession of right-wing populists. In this regard, and in connection with Brexit speculated that it will be everywhere, everywhere will win the supporters of withdrawal from the European Union. On this and build all the assumptions regarding the election results in the Netherlands. In the minds of politicians, theorists, analysts, theorists, journalists, theorists there is this concept of dominoes, but in reality it was never carried out directly,” — said the head of Department on European political studies, Institute of world economy and international relations Nadezhda Arbatova.

The Dutch expert, van der Togt also said that the defeat of the populists is one of the main outcomes of the election. “You see the fragmentation, and you see a stop the waves to extreme populism. This, I believe, two main elements,” he said.
European leaders congratulated Rutte

Many European leaders on Thursday hailed the victory of the party Rutte on the Dutch elections. “No Nexit. The speakers against the EU right lost the elections in the Netherlands. General obligation to change and re-launch the Union,” wrote the Prime Minister of Italy Paolo Gentiloni in his microblog on Twitter. Thus, the Italian leader expressed satisfaction with the defeat in the parliamentary elections in the Netherlands, far-right forces, called for the country’s withdrawal from the European Union on the example of the UK.

My congratulations to Prime Minister Rutte has sent European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker. “Junker just spoke with Rutte, congratulated him on his clear victory — “a voice for Europe — a voice against the extremists,” wrote a representative of the Prime Minister of Shinas in the microblog in Twitter.

In addition, the head of the party VVD has received congratulations from the foreign Minister of France Jean-Marc Ayrault and the representative of German Chancellor Angela Merkel Peter Altmeier.

The defeat of the right and commented the candidate for President of France, ex-Minister of economy Emmanuel macron. “The Netherlands show us that the success of the extreme right is not inevitable, but the progressive forces in Europe are gaining momentum,” wrote the macron on Twitter.
Elections against the background of a diplomatic scandal

Parliamentary elections took place against the backdrop of loud diplomatic scandal between the Netherlands and Turkey. According to the Guardian, the popular Rutte has increased amid the conflict only after “he has banned Ministers of Turkey to participate in the campaign in the Netherlands”.

Turkey meanwhile does not stop to escalate the situation with new loud statements. The Minister of foreign Affairs Mevlut Cavusoglu said that doesn’t know the difference between participating in elections in the Netherlands the political forces, because all the Dutch politicians of the same way of thinking, reports Hurriyet.