Moscow. 23 Dec. INTERFAX – state Duma Deputy Vitaly Milonov introduced the house bill establishing November 18, the Day of the fight against abortion, the official website of the lower house of Parliament.
According to statistics, every year the Russian women give birth to 1.5 million children and 1 million abortions, which suggests the need to strengthen the fight against this negative phenomenon, said in the explanatory note to the bill.
“Assessing the history of abortion in the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, the international experiences should emphasize the need for a balanced approach to abortion as a negative phenomenon affecting the demographic situation, the health of women who resort to induced abortion. Attitude to abortion should be based solely as to least, and not as a choice based on internal and subjective beliefs of a particular person”, – stated in the explanatory Memorandum.
The author believes that it is necessary to oppose abortion as a mass destructive phenomenon in society.
The note indicated that the basis for the establishment of this commemorative date is the decree of people’s Commissariat of the RSFSR and the people’s Commissariat of the RSFSR of November 18, 1920 “On the protection of women’s health”, according to which Russia became the first country in the world to legalize abortion at a woman’s request.
“After the practice of abortion in the Soviet Union sharply reduced the birth rate (25%, i.e. for every four born was one abortion). As a result, the need to impose restrictions on abortion. However, the prohibition of abortion only during the first year led to the improvement of the demographic situation, which was followed by a rapid increase of deaths from clandestine abortions,” reads the explanatory note.
In 1924 was established the “abortion Committee”, which was given permission for a free abortion, based on class principle, in 1926 came the ban on abortion to be performed for the first time pregnant women and that made him less than six months ago. In 1930, the abortions were paid for all but patients with tuberculosis, epilepsy, schizophrenia, and suffering from congenital heart disease, and in 1936 abortion was allowed if the pregnancy threatened the health or parents had severe disease.
In 1955 abortion was again allowed in the period of pregnancy up to 12 weeks in 1987 in the grounds for abortion were included such social indicators as the death of husband, divorce during pregnancy, large families (more than five children), the stay of the woman or her husband in imprisonment places, pregnancy is the result of rape, was increased and the amount allowed for abortion weeks.
The author noted that 123 countries around the world permit abortion only in case of threat to life of the pregnant woman.