TOKYO, October 3 — RIA Novosti, Xenia Naka. Nobel laureate in medicine and biology, asinari Osumi admitted that since childhood dreamed of this award. He also stressed the importance of basic research during a press conference held two hours after the news about awarding him the award.
“The Nobel prize has a special weight. This has been my dream since childhood,” admitted the winner. At the same time his wife, who was present at the press conference, said that her husband never was an ambitious man, and it first of all is surprised.
“When I started the study, there was no certainty that autophagy is associated with the problem of human life. I would like to stress the importance that basic research may turn that way,” — said the laureate.
Osumi is an honorary Professor of the Tokyo University of Technology. She completed her PhD at the University of Tokyo, studied in America, he returned home and was engaged in fundamental studies of living organisms. In 1988, he saw under the microscope the process of active movement of protein within vacuoles of the yeast cells. The yeast cell, lack of food, began to break down protein to use it as a source of energy.
Autophagy is often called the “process samopoedaniya” when in times of malnutrition or starvation, the body breaks down unwanted, old or damaged proteins and turns them into a source of energy and growth. Autophagy is inherent to all living organisms, in cells which have a nucleus. It is considered the basis of viability of organisms, including humans.
On Monday the Nobel Committee announced in Stockholm that the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine for 2016 awarded for the discovery of the mechanism of autophagy Professor from Japan, Osumi asinari from Tokyo Institute of Technology.
In a press release, the Nobel Committee stated, “the winner of this year he discovered and described the mechanism of autophagy is a fundamental process of removing and disposing of the components of the cells”.
Violations in the process of autophagy or purification of cells from the “garbage” can lead to the development of diseases such as cancer and neurological disease, therefore knowledge of the mechanism of self-purification of cells can lead to new and effective generation of drugs.
The winner this year is the sixth scientist from Japan, who won the award for medicine or physiology. The ceremony of awarding will be held traditionally on 10 December in Stockholm the day of the death of the founder of the Nobel prize — Swedish entrepreneur and inventor Alfred Nobel (1833-1896). The amount of each of the Nobel prizes in 2016 is 8 million Swedish kronor (932 thousands of U.S. dollars).