GENEVA, 27 Sep – RIA Novosti, Elizabeth Isakov. Over 92% of the population lives in areas where air pollution exceeds the limits defined by the world health organization, said the who on Tuesday.
On Tuesday, the who unveiled a new interactive map of air pollution around the world. The map is based on data from satellite measurements, ground measurements stations located in 3000 outlets in the city and in rural areas. It shows the presence in air of fine particles (PM2. 5 or less) in each country and number of solid particles with a diameter of 10 microns or less. For each state it also detailed data on the diseases associated with air pollution. Information was collected by who in collaboration with the British University of Bath.
“Air pollution continues to take lives of the most vulnerable populations – women, children and elderly citizens. In order to keep people healthy, they must breathe pure air from their first breath to the last,” said assistant Director-General of who, Flavia Bustreo.
“This new model is a big step forward to more reliable estimates of global burden of more than 6 million deaths every ninth death worldwide – from air pollution both indoors and outside. More and more States are monitoring the air pollution, satellite data are the most comprehensive, and we improve our ability to determine its relationship with health”, — said the Director of the Department of public health and environment, who, Maria Nera.
According to who, about 3 million deaths a year linked to air pollution in the street. Deadly is air pollution indoors. So, in 2012, about 6.5 million deaths (11.6% of deaths worldwide) was associated with air pollution in homes and on the street. With 90% of them in countries with low or average income. And 94% of deaths occur due to non-communicable diseases – cardiovascular, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, lung cancer and acute respiratory infections.
The who note that currently only one in ten people live in countries where the air quality meets the standards set by the Organization. The most dirty state in the middle East and Asia.
New interactive map of the who on air pollution in the world is a more accurate measure of how clean the air breathe the residents of 103 countries of the world. The data on the map cover the period 2010 to 2015.