From 2017 the government will monitor how the new laws affect the cost of doing business: the government will first assess the actual business impact of laws, governmental and departmental acts. The project evaluation plan in force of the acts issued by the Ministry of economic development on the portal regulation.gov.ru. Evaluation of actual exposure will allow us to trace the relationship between the purpose of adopting the draft regulation, a preliminary assessment of its impact analysis (RIA), which conducts the Ministry of economic development, and the effect that led to its adoption, stated in the explanatory Memorandum. “This will contribute significantly to improving the quality of state regulation of economic activity,” the Ministry calculates.
Previously, the Ministry has already drawn attention to the problem of “normative” printer: regulations proposed and the serious analysis of them is not worth counting the costs to the state and business from the adoption of a new act is often not possible.
Now Ministry of economic development proposes to study a total of 129 documents: 46 applicable laws, 42 government regulations and 41 departmental normative act. They directly affect the interests of the business claims to these documents by business organizations and companies — players of various sectors of the market are the basis of the project evaluation plan, it is clear from the document of Ministry of economic development. Thus 68 different acts (37 of them — the current Federal laws) in the draft plan not included — in particular, insufficient argumentation of the position of the applicants, it follows from the explanations of the Ministry. For example, it is proposed to exclude such important business laws like the law on development of small and medium-sized businesses, on the protection of competition, bankruptcy.
The arguments of business that fall under the action of certain acts adopted in recent years, is presented in terms of economic development. In a number of reviews of the business organizations and companies-the applicants estimate of costs, which requires the execution of these regulations. The amount of these costs exceeds 2.6 trillion rubles., RBC estimated.
The largest spending in the coming years, expect electricity, it follows from the calculations of the “Council of power producers. Due to the introduction of the law on environmental protection requirements for the speedy equipment of the thermal power plants equipment that reduces negative impacts on the environment, the cost of the owners of all Russian CHP plant can reach 1 trillion roubles “to Mobilize such huge funds in the next five years for investment is not possible”, write the petitioners. The failure to retrofit CHP energy cost so much: they will have to make multiples of a higher fee for a negative impact on the environment.
Another 33 billion rubles by 2025 will cost the energy sector approved by the government in December 2014 the rate of payment for use of water from sources under Federal ownership, also writes “Council of power producers”. These rates is an obstacle for the development of hydroelectric power plants, and in addition, they have a negative impact on crucial sectors such as agriculture and industry, housing and communal services, said the applicant. And calls to lower interest rates: “the crisis in the credit market and the sharp decline of the ruble exchange rate <…> the additional fiscal burden in the form of rates of water use and water tax are over-inflated, that does nothing to stimulate business economical use of water resources, and increases costs of the production cycle”. In General, the costs of business to meet the requirements of reducing the negative impact on the environment will be “hundreds of millions of rubles,” predicts the chamber of Commerce (CCI), follows from the document of Ministry of economic development.
Only one company LUKOIL in 25 billion roubles will cost the requirement of the law about installing additional warning systems of the population, estimated by the company. And expenses these are meaningless, it follows from the opinion of oil industry workers: to inform the population about the spread of radioactive or chemical cloud — this allows you to take measures for evacuation, but the accident of explosion objects (such LUKOIL has) is so spontaneous and fleeting, that exclude the possibility of early warning of the population.
28 billion rubles required from small producers of beer and other low alcohol beverages, and sellers of such beverages for connection to the system of USAIS. Not required by law, but in practice the Supervisory authorities force businesses to connect to yegais accounting for amounts related activities (procurement, delivery, etc.), writes of “OPORA Russia”. In addition to one-time expenses in connection the organization has evaluated the expenses for maintenance of the system — 9.5 billion rubles. per month (114 bn annually).
The water services act obliged the subscribers to 1 January 2019 to install local treatment facilities for wastewater treatment prior to discharge to Central sewage, says the Union. He estimates this legislation as “forced” businesses to invest in treatment facilities. By estimates of RSPP, strict standards, determining the value of compensation payments for exceeding the requirements for the composition of wastewater will entail additional costs for each small business to 14 million rubles a year, for a medium food enterprises — up to 50-70 million rubles a year, large — from 100 million to 500 million rubles annually.
Among the laws to overestimate offered by the Ministry of economic development, it may be a law that the payment for the damage caused to roads by heavy transport (the law on the payment system “Platon”). It received a lot of complaints, the reports of the Ministry of economic development. In particular, a significant rise in the cost of transportation and increase the cost of delivery costs of agricultural products due to this law announced CCI and RSPP. In addition, the fold increase in fines for companies and drivers of heavy vehicles (up to 350 thousand roubles) has increased shipping costs in 2-2,5 times, estimated by the applicants.