Take two: who will create a “backup” of the Runet

A separate project

The Russian segment of the Internet in the fall of 2016 will be the so-called backup pieces of infrastructure: the creation of this system decided to engage in Autonomous nonprofit organization (ANO) “MSK-IX”. For this ANO is created a separate structure — the Fund for the development of network technologies “of Indata” (FRST, “Indata”), told RBC Executive Director of the Foundation Alexander Stepanov and was confirmed by the head of ANO “MSK-IX” Alexey Platonov. Legal entity the Fund was registered on June 3, from the data register. In the first phase of ANO “MSK-IX” investing in the Fund of about 70 million rubles, said the interlocutors RBC.

Fond of Indata” will deal with “macroscopic studies of the Internet” — to analyze, as the Network “walks” the traffic and interaction between Autonomous systems. The result of this research should be the creation of a unified system that will combine a database of IP addresses Dutch registries RIPE NCC (in charge of distribution of IP addresses between telecommunications operators, including Russian), and other registries all organizations in the world five and a database of route information of the Internet.

The Foundation also intends to develop a system of visualizing traffic in a Network to identify problems in routing, and to create a number of web tools that will allow Russian experts in real time to obtain information about Network status, and their interaction with each other.

Create a “backup” of the Runet in 2014 attended by Russian officials. It happened after the aggravation of the political situation and fears that the Internet may at any time be cut off from the Global network. By the end of 2015 the Ministry of communications has prepared a bill, which envisages the creation of a “state information systems ensure the integrity, stability and security of functioning of the Russian part of the Internet”. According to the authors, the state system should become a “double” of the world system — a database of IP addresses, routing traffic in the Network and the DNS system (which links IP addresses to alphabetic names. At the moment, the bill exists in several versions, none of which has not yet been submitted for public discussion.

The idea of creating a system in MSK-IX appeared a year ago and was not related to develop the Ministry of communications bill, insists Platonov. “The previous composition of the Ministry of communications spoke about the need to create copies of existing in the world of databases required for stable operation of Network identifiers in Russia. In a fragmented form, a copy of the RIPE NCC exists, for example, to RIPN since 2004, but the unified system of registries of IP addresses we have,” says Platonov.

The founders of ANO “MSK-IX” is the Russian scientific research Institute of the development of social networking, non-profit organization “Union of operators of the Internet” (combined operators “Comstar”, “sitilayn”, etc.) and UAB “AMT GROUP” (provides services in system integration), it follows from the base register. Financial results for the year 2015 no. In 2014, revenue ANO amounted to 110,3 million roubles, net profit of 188 million rubles (data SPARK-Interfax”).

Part of the funds for the start-up Fund “Indata” ANO appeared in the 2014 — early 2015. The organization has sold its stake in the largest traffic exchange point MSK-IX (legal entity JSC “CUST MSK-IX”). The buyers become the operator Safedata data centers — this company, in turn acquired “Rostelecom”. How much on the sale of shares in the traffic exchange point earned ANO, were not disclosed. At the moment, “Rostelecom”, in fact, owns a controlling stake of JSC “CUST MSK-IX” using Safedata.

The independence in question

The purpose of the system to support the Russian operators, says Stepanov. According to him, the system “will help to optimize routing” or more effective in combating DDOS attacks. Now each operator independently determines the policy for routing traffic. Companies do not share this information with each other, but “celebrate” their routes in the routing database — the Internet Routing Registry, which is also under the control of the RIPE NCC. And although the base is rather informational in nature, the operators check the routing tables for constructing your own policies and the destruction of the information from the database may lead to failures throughout the Global network.

At the moment, in fact, formed a small market of services associated with the active measurement and monitoring of Internet infrastructure — both for operators and for Internet companies and regulators, says the consultant, “PIR-Center” Oleg Demidov. MSK-IX is one of the first to make their commercial product and ready to promote it to the market, he said.

This is not to talk about the creation of “independent system”, but, in fact, control over the company owning the traffic exchange point belongs to the “Rostelecom” (see incision), said the representative of one of operators “the big four”. “Unified information system” proposed by the Ministry of communications, can be established on the basis of JSC “Rostelecom”, told RBC informed source in the Russian IT-company’s representative confirmed that the company participates only in discussion of the project. The interlocutor of RBC in the organization, conducting research in the information market, believes that the project of the Ministry of communications with a considerable degree of probability can be implemented in the end system from the “Indata”, despite the fact that initially the two projects are independent.

In MSK-IX insist that the Fund will be completely independent of “Rostelecom”: in ANO indicate that the organization is beyond the control of the state operator. Stepanov also emphasizes that the system will be non-profit, and its use for operators will be voluntary. The representative of “Rostelecom” Andrey Polyakov told RBC that the company does not participate in the work of the Fund “Indata”.

The interlocutor of RBC in major Telecom operator also specifies that from the “Indata” would be incomplete, because through MSK-IX is now only 15% of total interconnection of Internet traffic in Russia. Via MSK-IX at the moment are only small and medium-sized companies, and large exchange traffic directly, he points out. According to him, the big players will install their networking equipment Fund, “hypothetically affiliate” with “Rostelecom”. If operators have problems with routing traffic, they are faster and more efficient to identify them yourself, adds the interlocutor of RBC.

MegaFon has its own system of protection from DDoS-attacks capacity of 80 GB/sec, which guarantees customers a reflection of the most powerful attacks” said RBC representative of the company Julia Dorokhin. Representatives of “VimpelCom” (brand “Beeline”) and “T2 RTK holding (Tele2 brand) declined to comment on the initiative of ANO MSK-IX and its prospects. MTS did not respond to a request RBC.