Head of the Russian delegation at the 59th session of the UN Committee on the peaceful uses of outer space (COPUOS) Victor Meshkov said at the session that Russia plans to provide its catalog of near-earth objects by creating a public service on the results of orbital data, the newspaper “Izvestia”. As the newspaper notes, in which case open access will be the data that are not published in open directories command space defense (USSPACECOM).
In the American directory of NORAD (North American Aerospace Defense Command) has data on more than 45 thousand of objects launched into space for the entire space age. As write “news”, most of the NORAD catalog is in the public domain, however this piece of information spacecraft in open access are not spread. NORAD covers information on U.S. satellites for military purposes and on the defense satellites of France, Germany, Israel and Japan. However, the Russian satellites for military purposes in the catalogue, the newspaper said. The publication concludes that “now Russia has the opportunity to respond to the Americans quite adequately”.
According to a senior researcher of the Institute of applied mathematics. MV Keldysh, Igor Molotov, which lead to “Izvestia”, the Russian network accompanies about 40% more objects than available in the open us data. “We have several times more telescopes compared with NORAD, many times more of the locations”, — he explained.
At the session of the UN Committee, the Russian delegation also proposed to establish under the auspices of the UN information platform on space objects with operational spacecraft and space debris, according to “Izvestia”. With a corresponding presentation made by members of the Russian delegation Victor Shilin.
The proposal is to merge the existing in different countries of the database on space objects in a single directory for information about potentially dangerous events and potential interference during insertion of objects into orbit. According to one of the participants, which refers to the newspaper, the Russian initiative was supported by China, but at the same time, the United States voted against it.