United Russia Deputy Elena Nikolaeva was submitted to the state Duma amendments to ease the ban on the opening of the hostels in residential buildings. They are allowed to work in the hostels, if they receive consent to work all owners of premises of her house, said RBC itself Nikolaev.
The initiative is aimed at softening the bill, which received the society called “the law on the prohibition of hostels”. He proposes to ban the services of temporary accommodation of citizens in a residential facility. Under the temporary accommodation means the period not exceeding 180 days.
The bill was introduced in the state Duma group of 37 MPs led by the Chairman of the relevant Committee for housing policy and housing Galina Khovanskaya in September 2015. The first reading has passed in the Duma on 13 may 2016. According Khovanskaya, the amendments should be adopted in the second and third readings before the end of the spring session, i.e., until June 25.
In the explanatory note to the draft Khovanskaya said that though the landlord reserves the right at its discretion to make in respect of property belonging to him any actions, these actions should take into account “the rights and legitimate interests of neighbors.
Its position Galina Khovanskaya previously explained that the owners of the hostels “operate outside the law” because they are paying taxes for residential property, far less than the contributions levied on commercial premises. For example, according to the CEO of the company-the appraiser Valrus Paul Kartsev, the tax rate for residential properties with cadastral value of up to RUB 10 million was in 2016 in Moscow 0.1% of the value of the object, whereas for non-residential is 1.3%.
In the Russian legislation there is no concept of “hostel” or “hotel” in the tourist environment, so called small objects, where in one room live a few people that are not familiar with each other, usually with a bathroom for several rooms, had been explained to RBC Board member of the “League of hostels” Evgeny Nasonov.
In order to become the owner of the hostel, and not required a special license, just the registration of an individual entrepreneur. However, from 1 January 2015 if the hostel is located in a residential building, it shall conform to the GOST R 55322-2012, which applies to services of accommodation facilities, General requirements for hostels”. Amendments Khovanskaya close this loophole and in principle prohibit commercial service at the temporary accommodation in residential homes.
I wonder what Elena Nikolaeva acting now to mitigate the bill is one of his sponsors. However, before that, she was sent to the government for an official opinion a milder version of prohibition, which lobbies for now.
In the second half of April the idea to give the hostels an indulgence was supported by the government Commission on legislative activities, told RBK two participants of the meeting. In the draft of the official comment of the government (there RBC) has offered even a softer approach: to oblige hostels to request the consent of only the owners of the apartments immediately adjacent (contiguous) to the hostel. But the official opinion of the government on the initiative of the Duma still has not been received, said Elena Nikolaeva. According to her, the profile state Duma Committee on housing policy and housing plans to discuss amendments to the bill on June 21.
The amendment on the mitigation bill will be discussed at the Committee meeting, confirmed RBC another source in the Committee, but its prospects depend on the government’s official position.
If the bill will come into force in the wording Khovanskaya, from his actions affected about 45 thousand companies across the country, according to the Ministry of culture of the Russian Federation, responding to a request to RBC. According to the Ministry, in Moscow alone, more than 75% of the hostels are situated in residential buildings.