The meeting of the state Duma, 2015
The state Duma Committee on security prepared for the second and third readings the so-called anti-terrorist package of amendments that caused a stir among politicians and human rights activists. The document began to be prepared after the terrorist attack on Board an A321 aircraft in Egypt in October last year, and a series of terrorist attacks in Paris on 14 November. On 20 November at a joint meeting of MPs and senators discussed the need for stricter anti-terrorist legislation. The package was developed with the participation of the security Council, told the interlocutors of RBC in the safety Committee.
To deprive someone of citizenship
In the new version, taking into account the parliamentary amendments significantly changed the rules relating to the deprivation of citizenship. The original version of the bill proposed simply to deprive of citizenship for terrorism or hostage-taking, an encroachment on life state or the public figure, violent seizure of power, armed rebellion, diversion, public appeals to extremist activities and separatism.
Now it is proposed to consider the perpetrators of these crimes voluntarily renounced citizenship. In the list of “volunteers” will include those sentenced for “extremist” articles: the incitement of hatred or enmity, organization of an extremist community and promoting extremist activities.
Under current law, to cancel the decision on granting of the Russian citizenship only in the case that was filed about documents.
In the new version there are additional grounds for deprivation of citizenship of those who were not recognized as a criminal.
Voluntarily released from Russian citizenship will be considered as the people working “without the consent of the competent organs” in Russia in international organizations in which Russia does not participate, unless otherwise stipulated by an international Treaty of Russia. Such persons will be deprived of citizenship from the date of joining.
Also “volunteers” will be considered as people entered military service in the security or law enforcement or in the courts of a foreign state.
At the meeting of the security Committee on Monday the amendments separately was not discussed. Speaker on the bill at the meeting, Deputy Chairman of the Committee, Ernest Valeyev at the time of publication of this article didn’t answer. RBC was asked to comment on short stories about the nationality of the apparatus of the Spring. At the time of publication, RBC expected comment.
In Russia there are many international organizations, from scientific to human rights, she said, and this point requires clarification, because in this case it is unclear on what the organizations in question, said a member of the Public chamber Elena Topoleva-Soldunova. “One thing organizations like NATO, the other — some international Union of scientists,” she explained.
Director of the Institute of politics, law and social development smsuh them. Sholokhov Vladimir Shapovalov considers that we are talking about organizations that are contrary to Russian law and operate to the detriment of Russia’s interests. “It could be an international non-profit organizations conducting subversive activities”, — said Shapovalov. In his opinion, the MPs want to equate working in such organizations for service in armed forces of another country. However, the words about Subversion or harmful activities of such organizations neither in the bill nor in the explanatory note no.
Plus a ban on travel
The second reading deputies said the reasons for the ban on leaving the country — regulations that caused the resonance with the introduction of the bill. The law “On procedure of exit from Russia and entry to Russia” in an article on temporary restriction on travel will introduce a new item. Can’t leave the country people with a criminal record for committing at least one of the following crimes: a terrorist attack, promoting terrorist activities, public calls to terrorist activity or public justification of terrorism, training in order to carry out terrorist activities, organization of terrorist community and participation, the organization of activities of a terrorist organization and participation in the activities of an organization, the organization of illegal armed formation or participation in it, hijack the plane or train for terrorist attack, an act of international terrorism.
The exit will be limited for those who commit associated with terrorist activities crimes under articles “the encroachment on life state or the public figure”, “violent seizure of power or forcible retention of power”, “armed rebellion”, “the attack on persons or institutions that enjoy international protection” — until maturity or overturned. This includes persons convicted for crimes of an extremist orientation.
According to the Chairman of the Collegium of advocates “starinsky, Cartago and partners” Eugene Cartago, the introduction of “voluntary” deprivation of citizenship along with a ban on leaving will create a legal conflict. “Convicted for the aforementioned individuals deprived of Russian citizenship, who could not go to get the citizenship of another country, it’s strange,” said Mr. Cartago. In his opinion, in the future it may become the cause of the proceedings in the constitutional court.