Criticism of the initiative in its current form is provided in response to the bill signed by Deputy Minister of energy Vyacheslav Kravchenko (have RBC). This bill clarifying the definition of political activities for NGOs, in mid-February, was made by representatives of all Duma factions. The bill was developed by the Ministry of justice, in late January, the Department published for public comment. In the state Duma the draft submitted by the deputies without changes.
The justice Ministry proposed to consider the areas of regulation, where such activities take place, the state building and the Federal structure, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of Russia, rule of law, the rule of law, security, defense, foreign policy, integrity and stability of the political system, socio-economic and national development of the country, the functioning and formation of bodies of state power and local self-government, the regulation of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen.
The forms in which NGOs can engage in politics, the Ministry of justice has ranked the part in rallies and public statements, any activity associated with the elections, public circulation to government agencies in order to influence their decisions, public assessment of their work, the impact on public opinion (including his study), the involvement of citizens towards politics, as well as the financing of the above.
If the bill is not amended, then under its action if adopted will fall within the Association “NP market Council”, the document says. “Market Council” — a company that provides wholesale and retail electric energy and power (previously non-commercial partnership “Administrator of trade system”). The Council was created in 2001 in accordance with the decree of the government № 526 of 11 July 2001 “On reforming electric power industry of the Russian Federation”. Members of the partnership should be all subjects of the wholesale electricity market.
The market Council is a NGO that is directly involved in the development and improvement of Russian legislation on the electric power industry, carries out actions aimed at ensuring energy security,” expert in your industry, forms the methodology for market regulation, etc., stated in the opinion of the energy Ministry. According to these parameters, the organization is subject to NGOs engaged in political activity which will determine the new law.
The market Council is controlled by the government, participating in the work of its Supervisory Board.
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“Thus, representatives of public authorities — the State Duma, Federation Council, Russian Ministry of energy, Ministry of economic development of Russia, FAS Russia will participate in the work of the organization, which in accordance with the bill may be recognized as a foreign agent”, — complains in the opinion of the Deputy Minister Kravchenko.
Consequence of the recognition of the “market Council” foreign agent, it will destabilize the regulation of electricity markets, the document says, as well as reputational damage. Therefore, the Ministry asks the relevant Committee to approve the amendment submitted by Deputy Yury Lipatov (there RBC) and offer to withdraw from the operation of the bill NGO, established in accordance with the law on electricity to ensure the functioning of commercial infrastructure of the wholesale market of electricity and power.
In April, the bill was passed by the state Duma in the first reading. It was initially criticized by human rights activists, including from the Committee of civil initiatives Alexei Kudrin and presidential Council on human rights. Its Chairman Mikhail Fedotov said that the project of the Ministry of justice “any activity can be recognize as political.” The Council has developed their mitigation proposals in the bill, however, the Kremlin State legal Department has rejected them.
Against the amendments were expressed, and many charitable organizations, including the Fund “give life”. The state Duma they decided to meet. On Tuesday, the relevant Committee on Affairs of public associations will approve the bill a second reading with the amendment from Senator Andrei Klishas, told RBC a source in the Committee. His amendment would exclude from the concept of political activities “activities in the field of science, culture, art, health, prevention and health protection, social maintenance, social support and protection of citizens, protection of motherhood and childhood, social support of persons with disabilities, propaganda of healthy lifestyle, physical culture and sports, protection of flora and fauna, charitable activities”.