Exchange of experience: what the creators of the Chinese firewall was taught Russian colleagues

27 April, Moscow hosted the VII international forum of safe Internet, which was first declared the Russian-Chinese “section on security of information and communication technologies. The event was the “League of Safe Internet (LGB) of Konstantin Malofeev, and guest stars from the Chinese side — the head of cyberdemocracy of China Lu Wei and Creator of the Chinese “Golden shield” Fan Binsina (all in the Chinese delegation were 50 experts and representatives of the various authorities KPH).

The Western press calls the Lu Wei of the “king of Chinese Internet.” To Cyberdemocracy two years he headed the propaganda Department of the CPC Central Committee – one of the most reputable organizations within the ruling party of China, which is responsible for regulation of the media and cultural organizations. Early in his career, Lu Wei 13 years in the state Agency Xinhua News Agency.

Professor Fang Bensin known as “the father of the “Great Chinese Firewall” – the system of content filtering “Golden shield”. The system has existed since 1998 and is now fully operational in 2003. “Golden shield” analyzes all inbound in China cross-border Internet trafic, blocks sites according to lists of IP address or URLS, and filters the data packets for keywords. In an interview with Global Times in 2011 Fan Bensen admitted that on his work computer has six VPN services, however, insisted he only uses them to check vulnerabilities “Golden shield” and reading a “dirty anti-government information” is not interested.

In the work of the Russian-Chinese section from the Russian side was attended by presidential aide Igor Shchegolev, the head of Roskomnadzor Alexander Zharov, President of the information democracy Foundation Ilya Massukh, the Commissioner of the President of Russia for children’s rights Pavel Astakhov, the General Director of company InfoWatch Natalia Kaspersky and etc.

The main motive of the Russian-Chinese section were fighting for the rights, freedoms and security of citizens online, as well as the need to strengthen measures for the scrubbing of illegal content. Also discussed the prospects of the withdrawal of Russian and Chinese Internet segments under monopoly regulatory influence of the United States. Representatives of the Internet industry on the sidelines called the event “the forum of the exorcism (exorcism is the procedure of exorcism), but the outcome of the forum was the signing of the so-called “road map”, which provides a close Russian-Chinese cooperation in the development of “sovereign Internet”. In particular, we are talking about creating a “pilot” area, which should ensure sustainable functioning of the national domain zones” of Russia and China.

Read more about what proposals were made by the forum participants, read in the gallery RBC:

Elena Mizulina, Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on constitutional legislation and state construction

The use of the Internet should make it an aggravating factor in the Russian Criminal code, said Mizulina. “The time has come to raise the question of attribution of the use of Internet technologies in the Commission of crimes as an aggravating circumstance, including in article 63 of the Criminal code (“the Circumstances aggravating punishment” — RBC) below whenever using the Internet occurred, facilitated the Commission or organized crime, this would be taken into account in sentencing,” — said the Senator, adding that the bill in the Federation Council will be prepared soon. The use of the Internet as a sign of the crime only qualifies today for distributors of child pornography and extremists, and should increase the impact of, for example, for incitement to suicide.

Pre-filtering of content on the Network — still actual problem, also the Senator said Mizulina. The Internet and technology, in her opinion, and information undermine the country’s sovereignty, and traditional values of glad. According to her, the offer of prefiltration content from the Russian legislators were not so categorical, as, for example, in the UK, where in families in which there are minor children, the requirement in the contract with the operator for the provision of services to provide when. Mizulina believes that the discussion of the idea of prefiltration content should return in the autumn session, after the election. However, she lamented that all her initiatives do not find support: “no matter How much I urge — do not want”.

“Of course, I would like to have our, Russian Internet, which we fully manage. Then probably a dream, for example, on child Internet [become a reality],” said Mizulina.

Igor Shchegolev, assistant to the President of Russia

There was reached a certain tipping point, when everyone understands that existing in its current form the Internet is “not consistent with the purposes for which it was established”, it needs “to ensure free access to knowledge and sharing, not hunting companies for the personal data of billions of users”, said opening the forum, Russian presidential aide Igor Shchegolev. Speaking of national security issues, Shchegolev reminded of the revelations of Edward Snowden, through which the world learned about an “unprecedented campaign on espionage in computer networks”.

Assistant to the President believes that the Network should be implemented the policy of “multistakeholderism” (from the English. multi-stakeholder — the voices of all participants in the process; the term is used to describe the process of Internet governance at the global level and implies taking into account not only all interested in the regulation of States but also companies, commercial companies, etc.). Now, according to Shchegolev, the beneficiary is only one country, and the rest is often put into the position of “minority shareholders”.

“States in the Network have their own interests. Count on the fact that these interests can be achieved through transnational corporations [referring to an American Corporation for assigned names and IP addresses ICANN — RBC] rather than their own national capabilities, it is impossible. This is directly related to national security. The dominance of multinational Internet companies leads to monopolization of the markets, the state border which is not defined,” — said Shchegolev.

“Complete freedom can carry not only the terrorist threat but also a threat to the life and liberty of citizens,” said Lu Wei. According to him, now many countries are increasingly faced with the growth of propaganda, which influences their politics and Economics, and similar sources of information — “stuffing” is often not true and need to be checked and filtered. Questions about administrative and personal accountability in a Network, said Lu Wei, should be discussed not only within one country but also through international cooperation, because users are not constrained by the borders of a single state or a single administrative area”.

Safety is the key to the development of the Internet, so China, Russia and other countries needs to pay more attention to methods of combating cyber crime and preventing terrorist threats over the Internet. Leaders should ensure users their security, given that 80% of people in the world use the Internet, said the head of cyberdemocracy China.

Finally, the Internet is a tool to “promote the development of cultural relations”, is “to establish the exchanges, which will lead to a mutual enrichment of cultures, will be a “bridge” between our countries”, said Lu Wei. But this “bridge”, according to him, can not appear independently, which means that you need to work together to create such a cultural “buffer zone”.

Fan Bensen, a member of the Chinese Academy of engineering, the main developer of the Chinese “Golden shield”

“Sovereignty in a broad sense and digital sovereignty, in particular, is the inalienable right of every country and its citizens. […] China also, like Russia, is building a democracy on the Internet”, — told the crowd of Fan Bensin. But both users and the state as a whole should be aware: together with the rights and obligations are formed. One aspect that should always be taken into account in the case of regulation of the Internet, security of user data, said Fan Bensin.

As Schegolev, Fan Bensen believes that now is the domain management is “actually in the hands of one organization”, the American ICANN. Because of this, in the opinion of the Creator of the firewall, it was possible to disable the country code of Libya and Syria from the global network. Now all countries are interested to understand “how decisions are made at ICANN,” said Bensin. If ICANN makes decisions on the principle of the UN, that is “one country — one vote” is likely the current system is not a threat to those countries who do not fully agree with the policy of the organization. “However, if, as we see now, a small group of countries decides the fate of the other States and regulates their presence on the Internet, the system is in need of an alternative embodiment of the regulation,” he said. The system should be designed in such a way as not to bear the threats and not to infringe on the freedom of users on the Internet: man himself must choose what domain to use, regardless of whether it is located in USA or in Europe.

Alexander Zharov, head of Roskomnadzor

The head of Roskomnadzor, the primary agencies that regulate the Russian Internet, says that one of the main tasks at the moment — the development of legislation in the sphere of personal data protection. The first such law was adopted back in 2006. Since then, formed in the country, the system incorporates the “best features of European and Asian approaches”, he said. In the first case the user himself is responsible for the distribution of your data, and the second provides for the presence of the state, which takes on “regulating and controlling” functions.

Zharov said that now actual there is a question about processing and the regulation of so-called “big data”, because the amount of personal big data that companies have, is growing. The Agency in the coming years is going to “give this matter careful attention,” said Zharov.

In addition, the head of Roskomnadzor said that it is necessary to develop common rules of the mobile operating systems. To applications “adjusted for technological solution” should apply the same principles in respect of the sites and services messaging and video calls — rules for regulating the Telecom operators.

“The principle [of messengers] over the infrastructure of Telecom operators makes you wonder about the distinction between regulation operators and duplicating their services mobile services”, — said Zharov. In addition, the head of Roskomnadzor again drew attention to the rising share of encrypted traffic and the use of tools to preserve the anonymity of the Internet. “Here too it is necessary to find the Golden section regulation,” he said.

Konstantin Malofeev, founder and Chairman of the Board of the League of safe Internet (STI)

China has advanced in the Internet on Russia, said Malofeev, welcoming Chinese colleagues. Malofeev pointed to the fact that the US, through ICANN, which he called a monopolist-regulator trying to regulate the Network in “alone”.

“President Obama says about U.S. leadership around the world, the need for responsibility of States for the whole world. From this we conclude that the United States still continue to believe that they can control events in the world, including in the Internet alone,” said Malofeev. According to him, for 40 years the United States refused to share control with other countries.

To emphasize the injustice of the US position, Malofeyev addressed the history. The Soviet Union launched the first satellite, first man into Space, and never sought to create a special body that would regulate outer space to other States, argued Malofeev. But almost 200 years ago, Russian Admiral opened the Antarctica, it was also a new space, but there are no laws on the part of the Russian Empire, forbidding the exploration of the new continent followed, noticed Malofeev.

The Chairman of the Board of LBI noted that both the Russian and Chinese delegations together for several years working to ensure that at the international level — at the level of the UN or any other authority — to adopt the international Convention for the regulation of the Internet. The document is still there, because the US and other countries, “which from them based on”, constantly sabotaging the process. In this regard, China, Russia and a number of large countries are now forced “to build their own self cybersuicide”, concluded Mr Malofeev.

Elena Mizulina, Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on constitutional legislation and state construction

The use of the Internet for criminal purposes should make an aggravating circumstance in the Russian Criminal code, said Mizulina. “The time has come to raise the question of attribution of the use of Internet technologies in the Commission of crimes as an aggravating circumstance, including in article 63 of the Criminal code (“the Circumstances aggravating punishment” — RBC) below whenever using the Internet occurred, facilitated the Commission or organized crime, this would be taken into account in sentencing,” said the Senator. According to her, the bill in the Federation Council will be prepared soon. The use of the Internet as a sign of the crime only qualifies today for distributors of child pornography and extremists, and should increase the impact of, for example, for incitement to suicide.

Pre-filtering of content on the Network — still actual problem, also the Senator said Mizulina. The Internet and technology, in her opinion, and information undermine the country’s sovereignty, and traditional values of the citizens.

According to her, the offer of prefiltration content from the Russian legislators were not so categorical, as, for example, in the UK, where in families in which there are minor children, the requirement in the contract with the operator for the provision of services to provide when. Mizulina believes that the discussion of the idea of prefiltration content should return in the autumn session, after the election. However, she lamented that all her initiatives do not find support: “no matter How much I urge — do not want”.

“Of course, I would like to have our, Russian Internet, which we fully manage. Then probably a dream, for example, on child Internet [become a reality],” said Mizulina.

Igor Shchegolev, assistant to the President of Russia

There was reached a certain tipping point, when everyone understands that existing in its current form the Internet is “not consistent with the purposes for which it was established”, it needs “to ensure free access to knowledge and sharing, not hunting companies for the personal data of billions of users”, said opening the forum, Russian presidential aide Igor Shchegolev. Speaking of national security issues, Shchegolev reminded of the revelations of Edward Snowden, through which the world learned about an “unprecedented campaign on espionage in computer networks”.

Assistant to the President believes that the Network should be implemented the policy of “multistakeholderism” (from the English. multi-stakeholder — the voices of all participants in the process; the term is used to describe the process of Internet governance at the global level and implies taking into account not only all interested in the regulation of States but also companies, commercial companies, etc.). Now, according to Shchegolev, the beneficiary is only one country, and the rest is often put into the position of “minority shareholders”.

“States in the Network have their own interests. Count on the fact that these interests can be achieved through transnational corporations [referring to an American Corporation for assigned names and IP addresses ICANN — RBC] rather than their own national capabilities, it is impossible. This is directly related to national security. The dominance of multinational Internet companies leads to monopolization of the markets, the state border which is not defined,” — said Shchegolev.