Overlooking the Brussels airport, where an explosion occurred on 22 March 2016
The day after the attack: what did the day of the Belgian spetsslujbami on Thursday the EU Council for home Affairs and justice on unscheduled meeting to discuss the terrorist attacks at the airport and the metro of Brussels, committed on March 22, militants of the “Islamic state” (banned in Russia). According to official data on 23 March, as a result of explosions killed 31 people and injured 270. Most likely, the meeting will focus on the actions of Belgium and other European countries to ensure public safety and reduce the risk of further terrorist attacks.
On March 23, the investigation identified two alleged perpetrators of the attacks in Brussels. They were citizens of Belgium is a 30-year-old Brahim al-Batrawi and his brother, 27-year-old Khaled al-Basrawi. According to the Federal Prosecutor of Belgium Frederick van Loew, both of them dead: Brahim died in the explosion at the airport, and Khaled bomb exploded in the subway at the station “Maelbeek” in the “European quarter” in the city center, where the building of the European Commission and other EU institutions. Latest from 2015 was listed in the database of Interpol as a wanted on suspicion of terrorism (the exact date of entry in database is not shown).
On the evening of the terrorist attack Belgian police found an apartment in the Schaerbeek district of Brussels, which was filmed by the terrorists, and found there about 15 kg of explosives and a note, presumably written by a Brahmin al-Basrawi. The note said, “I’m in a hurry. I don’t know what to do, looking for me everywhere. I’m in danger. If I get caught, will I go to camera”.
Another alleged perpetrator, according to the Prosecutor, arrested and another remains at large. The names of these people he never called.
One of the executors of the terrorist act may be 24-year-old Syrian Najm al-Nasrawi, a suspect in preparation of acts of terrorism in Paris on 13 November last year. On the morning of March 23, public television RTBF, quoting its sources in Brussels police announced his arrest, but subsequently the Prosecutor of van Leo denied this information, explaining that arrested the other man. His name is the consequence does not name.
Messages about the search for al-Nasrawi appeared on March 21. In the investigation of the terrorist attacks in Paris his DNA was found on the militants used explosives (the investigation suggests that he was involved in their manufacture), as well as in shelters that were used by the terrorists, in Belgium: in an apartment in the town of Avela in the South of the country and in the house in the Brussels commune of Schaerbeek.
Explosions in Brussels
On the morning of 22 March at the Brussels airport in Zaventem were two explosions. According to preliminary information, the explosive devices were detonated in the reception area of the airport. Two hours later the explosion occurred…
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There is always a risk
The terrorist threat level in Belgium remained consistently high since November of last year, when as a result of the terrorist attacks in Paris killed more than 130 people and more than 350 were injured: one of the key suspects turned out to be Abdeslem Salah, a resident of the Brussels district of Molenbeek — “Islamic ghetto”, the media dubbed the “cradle of jihadism”. The police downgraded the threat level and after the arrest of Abdeslam 18 March, because it had no data about possible attacks in Brussels. After the explosions in the subway and the airport by the Minister of internal Affairs of Belgium Jan Jambon raised the terrorist threat level to a maximum of four points and affirmed this rating on March 23.
Terrorist attacks in Belgium has provoked a debate about the level of security in Europe in the face of increasing terrorist threats. According to Europol, within the EU there are about 5 thousand Islamic militants. In Brussels-Molenbeek on the territory of 6 sq km in less than a decade appeared several terrorist groups operating around the world.
As the newspaper writes Daily Beast, the American experts on terrorism unleashed a barrage of criticism on the Belgian security services, who failed to ensure the safety of the population, although repeatedly warned about the threat of terrorist attacks from colleagues from the USA. “It’s shoddy methods of work,” lamented in conversation with the publication who requested anonymity, a senior intelligence officer of the United States. He compared the staff of the Belgian intelligence services with the “ignorant children”. “The Belgian authorities were starting to strengthen intelligence and law enforcement agencies with additional staff. But they did not play the lead, but only react to events, trying to catch up. Now we see the horrible result,” he told MSNBC the Congressman from Democratic party Adam Schiff.
Criticized the security forces and the President of Turkey Recip Tayyip Erdogan. He suggested that Brussels could again become the target of terrorist attacks and explosions on 22 March could have been prevented if the Belgian intelligence services took a more responsible approach to their work. As CNN reports, according to Erdogan, one of the participants of the attacks caught by a citizen of Belgium, in June 2015, was detained in the Turkish city of Gaziantep, and then transferred to Belgium. “Despite our caution, that this action, Belgian authorities are unable to associate it with terrorism”, — quotes its words CNN.
The world is mourning those killed in the terrorist attacks in Brussels
On the morning of Tuesday, March 22, in Brussels within hours there were explosions at the airport and on one of the metro stations. The number of victims of terrorist attacks at least 26 people, 136 people…
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The Minister of internal Affairs of Belgium Jan Jambon said on 23 March that the government cannot prevent all terrorist attacks. “We’re fighting professionals. Sometimes there are situations like yesterday [22 March]. There is always a risk”, he explained in an interview with radio station RTL.
As explained by Bloomberg, the concerns reflect the limited capacity of the Belgian police and intelligence services in combating terrorists. “People underestimate the resources required for surveillance. Need equipment, translators. To provide all this at times is impossible”, — said Bloomberg, the Vice-President of security company Stratfor, former special agent with the U.S. state Department Scott Stewart.
On 23 March French Prime Minister Manuel Vall said that the EU should learn a lesson from what happened in Brussels and significantly increase the investment of counter-terrorism measures. As CNN reported, following the meeting with European Commission President Jean Claude Juncker in Brussels, he stated that “in the coming years the EU will have to significantly increase investment in security”, in particular “manpower and technology.”