China launched the probe, which for the first time in the history of mankind, has to sit on the opposite side of the moon. This is the BBC, citing Chinese media.
The mission of “Chang e (Chang’e-4) the probe must Rover in early January to land in the crater of the Pocket on the other side of the moon never seen from Earth.
Launcher “Chanchzhen-3V” was launched from the Baikonur Xichang in the southwestern province of Sichuan. Data from the probe will be sent via satellite “, Zhuazao”, which China launched in may 2018.
The mission will endeavour to deliver to earth samples of lunar soil. The probe must find out the characteristics of the Geology of the area and the composition of the soil.
According to the researchers, the crater Pocket is interesting because it is located within the boundaries of the most ancient and large object moon — pool South pole — Aitken. According to the hypotheses of scientists, it was formed due to the collision of the moon with a giant asteroid milyardy years ago. The mission of “Chan”e” need to find out whether struck clash of the crust of the moon to the layer of the mantle.
The mission will analyse radiosity on the reverse side of the moon, in order to find out whether it is possible here in the future to place the radio telescopes.
The probe is also placed a container weighing 3 kilograms of potatoes and seed rezhevichi tal for conducting biological experiments. “We want to study plant respiration and photosynthesis on the moon” — said rukovoditel experiment Liu changlun.
Recall, China announced plans to launch into space its own space station in 2018. It will be fully deployed, could be finalized by 2022 and replace station Tiangong-1, which entered the atmosphere of Earth in April 2018. Station Tiangong-1 burned up in the atmosphere, but some debris reached the Earth and fell into the Pacific ocean, on the North-West of Tahiti..
China plans to replace it with a bigger base, weighing in at 80-100 tons. Launch date of the station has repeatedly shifted, but China hopes to put it into operation in 2022.
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