The European Commission is working on new regulations that will limit the use of antibiotics in animal husbandry. According to the expert AnimalHealthEurope David John during the round table organized by the European Business Association, the new rules have been agreed by the European Parliament and awaiting approval by the European Council. This should happen before the end of December 2019.
Under the new regulations will create a single database of veterinary drugs permitted for use in the European Union. The EU will have to collect data on the sale and use of antibiotics, up to one particular farm. You have a list of antibiotics, permitted only for human use. Also, the EU will have the right to adjust this list or to ban certain antibiotics. EU will have legal grounds to demand from producers of meat and meat products to conduct additional post-marketing studies. In addition, the EU can prohibit or restrict the export of goods of animal origin from countries that do not adhere to the new rules.
To adapt to the new rules will have three years — these regulations will come into force from 2022.
New rules for antibiotic use in the EU can have a direct impact on Ukraine, which is a major importer of livestock products in the countries of the European Union. So, at the end of 2017 the Netherlands became the biggest exporter of meat products from Ukraine — for a total of $80.5 million, which accounted for 15.1% of the total meat imports. Another member country of the European Union, which entered the top 10 importers of meat from Ukraine — Germany ($21.7 million).
The reason why the European Union is so concerned about the content of antibiotics in meat — resistant bacteria. Every year from so-called superbugs, antibiotic-resistant microorganisms in the world dies of about 700 thousand people. Scientists project that by 2050 this figure will increase 10 times.
For growing healthy cattle farmers often use antibiotics just as a preventive measure. Products of animal origin with a large number of antimicrobial agents that people eat, cause in the end the human body the addiction to these drugs. This, in turn, has led to the emergence in nature of superbugs that are resistant or otherwise resistant to conventional antibiotics.
In the European Union the use of antibiotics prophylactically is prohibited since 2006. In addition, the antibiotics, like most other veterinary drugs permitted for use only by prescription from a veterinarian. He must keep the prescription for 5 years.
At the same time in Ukraine, according to a statement by the Association of breeders, there is still no statistics as to how many antibiotics are used in domestic livestock, and how much is products with these antibiotics.