The award was given to Arthur Askino, Gerard Moore and Donna Strickland, for “research in laser physics,” according to the Nobel website.
Arthur Ashkin invented the technology of “optical tweezers”, which captures the laser beams, particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells. This new tool allowed Askino to realize the old dream of science fiction is to use the radiation pressure of light to move physical objects.
Moore and Strickland came up with the technology to emit ultrashort laser pulses of high intensity, which did not destroy material.
Strickland became only the third woman in the history of this award. Last time a woman received a Nobel in physics 55 years ago.
They will share the cash prize, which is 9 million Swedish kronor (slightly more than $1 million).
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