September was rich in eco-activities. In particular, in the Kiva and Lviv in parallel passed two international ecological forum “Ecology. Calls. Innovative solutions” in KCSA and “Water and energy” in Lviv. And each of these occupied an important place in the theme of introduction in Ukraine of the system of extended producer responsibility (EPR). This interest is well deserved.
So, today tariffs for solid waste removal. What this waste driven to the landfill for disposal — costs for the separate collection of waste sorting on a sorting line and any waste, which are secondary raw materials, the rate can not cover. Even considering the increase in the cities of Ukraine, the decision on what was accepted by the Executive committees. Rates will increase further, because landfills cannot accept waste indefinitely, and their closure and civilized reclamation requires a lot of money, and create a new one. So the burden on them to reduce — ie less to bury.
For example, the national waste management strategy envisages by 2030 to reduce the volume of waste from the current 95% to 30%.
And here it was the introduction of extended producer responsibility, which is the financial mechanism for the implementation of separate collection and successfully operates in 26 countries of the European Union, should help “soften the blow” on the wallet of the consumer.
The fact that the producers and importers of goods in packaging ready to assume the costs for collection and disposal of sorted waste, which can be used as secondary raw materials. And expense, to perform all necessary operations for that would be separately collected packaging has become secondary raw materials for recycling. That is, to conduct information campaigns for the population, to install containers for separate collection and export them, dosourceroute separately collected packaging waste to the sorting liniyah. Thus, the population there is a financial incentive to segregate waste, the more they sort, the less will pay for the export of unsorted waste, the so-called “black tank”, which will go to the nearest dump or landfill.
ROP is responsible for their products throughout their life cycle. That is, the manufacturer releasing the product in the package, should care about the fate of this packaging. In the primary stage, the manufacturers take responsibility for the development of such a package, which would minimize the negative impact on the environment. In the next phase, responsible for recycling this packaging — what are funding introduction of separate collection of waste.
It would seem that what the business that is used to “count every penny”, to take the lead in organizing separate collection and pay for waste removal, because this activity with the sign “minus”, and manufacturers will never be able to recoup investments investments and keep the system in working order will require new investment.
First, big business has long become socially responsible and repeatedly proved it by their actions. Manufacturers analyze trends and understand the need to take responsibility for the packaging waste, which are formed as a result of the use by consumers of their products, plus, in the EU this obligation they have at the legislative level.
Secondly, business is interested in lowering the cost of production, and products made from recycled materials are cheaper, which leads to cost reduction. For example, when glass is melted from cullet spent a third less gas than in the manufacture of new glass products.
And capacity for processing of waste as secondary raw materials in Ukraine is enough. For example, this glass, cardboard and paper factories for the manufacture of products from PET-waste (fabrics, sintepon etc.). But most recycled materials in sufficient quantities they don’t get the separate collection in the country is not fully established, and a huge amount of valuable waste goes to landfill.
Enterprise underutilized and even import waste.
Ukrainian glassware can annually process 800 thousand tons of broken glass, but only recycle 300 tons, and last year imported 50 thousand tons of cullet. With an annual capacity of manufacturers of cardboard and paper production 1.2 million tons — a deficit of own waste paper procurement in Ukraine is 350 thousand tons. Manufacturers of plastic packaging in the capacity of 337 thousand tons will be processed only 180 thousand tons of recyclables.
And the introduction of ROP, respectively, and razvitiie infrastructure for separate waste collection will increase significantly the number of secondary raw materials for processing — all raw materials will be supplied to processing enterprises. Moreover, it would be beneficial to increase refining capacity, it and new technologies in Ukraine and more jobs, and, of course, revenues from taxes and fees. The consumer also turns out to be in profit, as for the removal of sorted waste will not have to pay. And best of all, we will take care of their own health, because burial in landfills, leading to contamination of soil, groundwater, air.
To make the system start to work, the necessary changes in legislation. And they will, because there are already prepared by the Ministry of environment and approved by the government national waste management strategy until 2030, which provides for the adoption of the relevant framework laws.
Because, as you know, the existing Law “About wastes” prohibited from 1 January this year to take on the polygons of the unsorted waste, but this is not happening – carriers complaining about the lack of infrastructure for separate waste collection and sorting, local authorities and the balance of polygons on the lack of funding, etc.
In the case of new legislation, which will establish how the introduction of separate collection and organization of ROP with an efficient system of collection, sorting and, most importantly, recycling.
After that the Ukrainian company is interested in implementing separate waste collection system ROP, is the fact that they are already making steps in this direction.
For almost a year as running a pilot project on separate waste collection in Sweden, which is organized by two producers of packaging and goods packaging: “Coca-Cola beverages Ukraine Ltd.”, “PepsiCo Ukraine”, “Tetra Pak”, “Elopak-fast” and “Ken-Pak (Ukraine)”.
Separate collection is carried out almost everywhere in the city on a settlement of 25 thousand people. Installed 200 containers for separate collection of yellow and green (one hits the glass, the second — other recyclables that will be dosourceroute and processed), carried out an information campaign for the population, including work with students.
Roughly, the results of the first year for recycling as recyclables will get about 25% of packaging waste from Vyshgorod — this means more than 300 tons reduce the load on the landfill of domestic wastes and raw materials for the economy. Business now probiraet how you will operate the system in Ukraine, which became an effective mechanism in the EU and helped the Europeans to decide
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