The European Parliament adopted a resolution calling for an international moratorium on the so-called killer robots.
It aims to anticipate the development and use of autonomous weapon systems that can kill without human intervention.
Last month, the discussions at the UN has failed to reach a consensus on the issue, with some countries, saying: the benefits of autonomous weapons should be explored.
And some Deputies were concerned the legislation could limit the scientific progress of artificial intelligence.
While others have said that it could become a security issue if some countries allowed such weapons, while others have not.
“I know this might sound like a debate about the distant future or science fiction. This is not,” said Federica Mogherini, the EU, the head of the foreign and security policy during the debate in the European Parliament.The “arms race’
“Autonomous weapons systems should be banned at international level”, said Bodil Valero, security policy spokesperson of the european Parliament of the Greens/efa Group.
“The power to decide life and death should never be taken out of the hand of man and given to machines.”
The resolution comes ahead of negotiations under the United Nations in November, where it is hoped an agreement on an international ban can be achieved.
In August, experts from a range of countries gathered at the UN headquarters in Geneva to discuss ways to define and deal with computer-controlled weapons.
“The artificial intelligence of drones, automated weapons that can choose their own objectives, the technological advances in weaponry are far ahead of international law,” Rasha Abdul-Rahim, a researcher in artificial intelligence, Amnesty International, said at the time.
“It is not too late to change course. The ban fully autonomous weapons systems could prevent some of the truly dystopian scenarios, such as a new high-tech arms race among the world super powers, which would be the cause of autonomous weapons to proliferate widely,” he added.
But some countries, including Israel, Russia, South Korea and the united states are opposed to new measures at the August meeting, saying they wanted to explore the potential of the “benefits” of autonomous weapons systems.