In Ukraine to discuss the issue of creating a single national Orthodox Church and transfer the right of use of buildings of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra from one religious community to another.
Now uses part of the Lavra of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate). Kyiv Patriarchate says that it is a peaceful way will become “Ukrainian“ after creating a single national Orthodox Church in Ukraine.
BBC News Ukraine decided to look into how generally possible to transfer rights of use of one of the oldest monasteries in Ukraine and how to do it.
The territory of Lavra – property of the state and belongs to the National Kiev-Pechersk reserve.
The government in July 2013 gave the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) in the use of 79 premises of the monastery, the other continues to occupy the reserve.
According to the Director of the Department of religious Affairs and nationalities Ministry of culture of Andrey Urasa, the decision of the government then took a very fast “just 7 days“.
The reason for haste – the desire to catch up to the 1025 anniversary of the baptism of Russia, he told BBC News Ukraine.
The company’s lawyer Investment Service Ukraine Vladimir Pisida noted that, based on current legislation, Laurus transferred the UOC is free of charge and in perpetuity.
Because the government provided the premises for the laurels in the use of the UOC (MP), the government may itself the decision and to cancel, said the lawyer, in comments to BBC Ukraine.
However, the decision can be appealed through the courts, he adds.
In 1990, the ensemble of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra contributed to the world heritage List of UNESCO.
Since then, the state has assumed international obligations for the protection of this monument.
The head of the Department of historical heritage Ministry of culture Alexander Epifanov said that the reserve each year reports on the state of conservation of the monument.
In the past year, to the monastery visited by independent experts from UNESCO. After checking they found no violations on the part of the UOC (MP), he told BBC News Ukraine.
At the same time, Ukraine does not have to get permission from UNESCO to transfer the Lavra to the use, noted Epifanov.
“Don’t need it. To report that she (Laurel) change we must,“ he said.
On the territory of Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra monastery. It osnovatelei – Kiev Metropolitanate of the Moscow Patriarchate.
According to Ukrainian legislation, to move the monastery under another jurisdiction requires the consent of the founder.
Thus, the monastery can not solve the question of their affiliation.
“This fact creates additional complications in the freely expressed will of the monks about their subordination: this must be a coincidence and desire, and the will of the governing center“, – said the representative of the Ministry of culture Andriy yurash.
Yurash said that in the Ukrainian history there have been examples when the monasteries themselves took the decision to change their jurisdiction.
However, head of the Department of the history of religion and practical religious studies of the Institute of philosophy. Pan Lyudmila Filipovich believes that the brethren of the monastery is unlikely to make for a departure from the UOC (MP).
It is important that the monastery is not all the allocated UOC (MP) premises.
Besides him, there are temples, the residence of Metropolitan of Kiev Spiritual Academy, told BBC News Ukraine the head of the Synodal information Department of the UOC (MP), Archbishop of Nezhin and Priluki Clement.
Thus, if the monastery and moved from one Church to another, then it wouldn’t cross all the rooms of the monastery.
Obviously, the decision about the changes in Laurel will have a big political impact, as it affects Church-state relations.
Now, the government is actively attached to religious Affairs.
In the spring of the Verkhovna Rada supported the President’s address to the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew on the granting of the Tomos of autocephaly of the Orthodox Church in Ukraine.
On the Day of the baptism of Russia, President Petro Poroshenko met with the delegation from the Patriarch and discussed the issue of granting of the Tomos.
However, the possibility of re-hatting laurels any official statements from the Ukrainian authorities not heard.
The Director of the Department of culture considers that such a decision is extremely sensitive and will require multi-stakeholder consultation.
Meanwhile, grounds for referring anyone to the territory of the monastery the representative of the Ministry of culture does not see.
UOC (MP) clearly States that the reason for discussing changes to the subordination laurels there.
UOC-Kyivan Patriarchate says that the monastery “should be Ukrainian“, but this should happen “peacefully and voluntarily, without any violence“.
Lyudmila Filipovich, also believes that the transfer of religious buildings generally have to be frozen state to avoid conflict situations.
Earlier, the Kyiv-Pechersk reserve, on whose territory is located the Laurel, archaeologists have unearthed the Foundation and remains of a wall destroyed by Batu Khan during the siege of Kiev in 1240.