MOSCOW, may 8 — RIA Novosti, Simon Krasavin. Social network Facebook accused of aiding terrorism. Service users are recommending to friends, allowed supporters* from around the world to unite and even organize attacks. On the problems of combating extremism and terrorism on the Internet — in the material RIA Novosti.
American NGOs Counter Terrorism Project, analyzing the accounts of the citizens from 96 countries came to the conclusion that Facebook helps the militants to “make friends” with their sympathizers users. The cause is the function of a social network, designed to gather personal information (used in contextual advertising) and Dating people with common interests.
The study’s authors, Gregory waters and Robert Postings told The Daily Telegraph how Facebook was strongly recommended them to dozens of friends from the IG* in different countries after a single visit to a page on the uprising of the Islamists in the Philippines. Also provides such an example. An Indonesian follower of the IG* asked to be friends to the new Yorker. American initially claimed that not religious, although interested in Islam. Over the next six months, the Indonesian threw a new network of other material promoting Jihad. During this time the American went from a person that has no clear religious identity, to an adherent of radical Islam, support ISIS*.
The leader of the “Islamic state” (IG, is prohibited in Russia), Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Researchers believe “totally unacceptable” that the social network is, in fact, offers direct assistance to terrorists, and point out that many terrorist attacks, particularly in Europe, was prepared and coordinated with the help of Facebook. For example, it is known that in December 2016 Muslim couple planned the attack to the Catholic Christmas. The main organizer of the attack was recruited by a member of the IG in Iraq, and that Facebook suggested him as a potential friend to the recruiter.
The Hydra terrorist propaganda
In the first quarter of 2018 Facebook was identified almost two million posts related to ISIS* and “al-Qaeda”*. It is twice more than the previous quarter. The company reported that the majority of these posts are removed, and they were available on average less than one minute. Search in extremist publications and comments is handled by a special division of several hundred people, was established in June of 2017. In the company promise to continue to invest millions of dollars in the fight against unwanted content, however, recognize that to prevent online extremism is not so simple.
Law enforcement bodies of great Britain on the site of the terrorist attack on London bridge. 4 Jun 2017
According to experts of the Counter Terrorism Project, despite the efforts of tech giants to monitor terrorist propaganda is not enough. Of the thousands of profiles examined in the study, only less than half were frozen Facebook. Even after identifying and removing extremist materials the user is often allowed to remain on the site. There were also cases, when the deleted the accounts of the extremists was recovered on complaint of their respective owners. One Briton suspected of having links with terrorists and sharing videos taken IG* restored your account nine times.
Researchers believe that the management of Facebook “wouldn’t or couldn’t” effectively deal with extremist content, “providing a platform extensive extremist networks.”
Delete when publishing
A large part of the unwanted content in the main social networks today are removed automatically. Existing software technology allows you to recognize and mark it for publication, however, apparently until they are in full force.
In June 2017 the European Union jointly with Facebook, Twitter and YouTube adopted the “code of conduct”, which includes binding measures against the proliferation of inappropriate content on the Internet. Now we are talking about how to formulate EU-wide laws, providing complete removal of the technological giants of terrorist propaganda materials related to right-wing extremism, pedophilia, and the like. The leaders of France, Germany and the UK are discussing the introduction of fines for these companies for illegal content on the sites. In addition, some countries, such as France and Denmark, sent his ambassadors to Silicon valley to more closely cooperate with the developers of the functionality of social networks in the fight against terrorism. The European Commission is preparing its own plan, intending legally oblige YouTube, Facebook and Twitter to remove objectionable content within hours after publication.
“Block service on the recommendation of friends, which is based on the identification of common interests, mutual friends, places of residence, the registration in groups, it is technically possible and point. If it is done totally under the restrictions of the fall millions of regular users, — says Anton Fishman, head of system solutions Group-IB. — Nevertheless, to fight extremism in social networks is necessary. For the experts these corporations utilize BIG DATA and artificial intelligence technology that can perform a well-known precedents, groups, leaders, and many other data to create an algorithm, which if not remove the risk completely, that minimizes it. Also potentially there is the ability to analyze public messages in groups on hate speech or the color of the texts and on the basis of block content and to improve the algorithms. Of course, the modern level of technology of the communications should involve a thorough check of the implemented services to their potential use in bad faith. However, it makes no sense to demonize the technology, platforms and social networks because they can use the extremists.”
Human rights activists warn about the problematic nature of the definition of extremist content and are afraid of restriction of freedom of speech. For example, it is possible that automated programs will remove not only promoting terrorism, but the media content, using excerpts from videos of the IG*.
App icons Facebook, Twitter and Google are displayed on an iPhone next to an earphone
“European governments are trying to introduce rules that would require technology Corporation including not to violate the privacy of users. In my opinion, arguments about the need to maintain this privacy is a false problem. Human rights advocates and privacy in a hurry to condemn any action relating to the dissemination of information on the Internet. While a few people worried that his personal information is used for targeted marketing and advertising. Is it less intervention in the private sphere? And is safety not important enough to allow such interference, says Klond Monica, a former employee of the French foreign intelligence and the Director of the European strategic intelligence and security. In France, for example, the intelligence services and the police have a legitimate right to work with personal data of users of social networks. And it is very useful. Due to this, the attacks occur in times less than planned”.
*A terrorist organization banned in Russia.