Giants of the Fast food, the cafes and the shops are re-labelling of low-skilled jobs that learning, a report said.
In a study conducted by the think tank Reform says that many companies have changed the roles of existing after having been obligated to contribute cash to the job training.
The study indicates that 40% of apprenticeship standards approved do not meet a traditional definition of such qualified on-the-job training courses.
The government says that “quality” is at the heart of its apprenticeship reforms.
In the context of these changes, it has introduced a learning tax on organisations to pay more than £ 3 million in wages a year.
They have to pay 0.5% of their total salary in a “digital account”, organized by the tax and customs administration.
They then “spend” these contributions on the apprenticeship training delivered by registered providers. They can also get up to 90% of the cost of the training.’Low-wage roles”
The report said: “in the framework of the government’s wider reforms of the learning, employer groups gathered to write the new ‘standards of learning’.
“Some have used this opportunity to generate high-quality standards, but others seem to be just rebadging low-quality, low-skill and, often, low-wage roles as “learning” in place.”
In 2013, the government stated that the learning had to be skilled role, requiring substantial and continuous training of at least 12 months, leading to full competence and must provide the apprentice with transferable skills in an occupation.
But a quick glance at the government’s official apprenticeships website shows many high street companies advertising for apprentices in what appear to be non-qualified roles.
For example, KFC is advertising for an apprentice hospitality team member.
The announcement describes learning as “a structured, learner and employer-focused development program designed to create opportunities for education and knowledge, skills and behaviours”.
But the role is described as the “kitchen fries” and other products and to serve customers in the front of the house, or cooking and assembling KFC products, while maintaining cleanliness, hygiene of the working conditions.
He said that the training is based around the day-to-day duties, but will also include one-to-one interactions with a teacher specialist every four to six weeks.
KFC said the learning had existed before the levy was introduced and met all the key standards, and that the company paid more than the minimum apprentice rates of pay.”Important training”
Coffee giant Starbucks is advertising for a hospitality team member, barista apprentices on the official website to prepare and serve the coffee in its branches.
But from online discussion forums it seems that people usually get trained for a couple of weeks prior to the start of work.
Starbucks is yet to respond to BBC requests for a comment.
Tom Richmond, a senior research fellow at the Reform, said the service sector of learning would be of high quality, but a lot of these to be approved did not correspond to the traditional or international, the definition of a learning contract.
It has been compared to British standards of learning with those for the hospitality sector in Germany, which, he said, to cover a broader range of skills and knowledge.
A Ministry of Education spokesperson has said that he wanted to see people of all ages and backgrounds to obtain the excellence of the training they need to succeed in a wide range of jobs, and that was why he was in the process of changing the system of learning.
She added: “Our reforms have fundamentally changed what the apprentices are, as we have made a requirement for all apprenticeships must be real jobs paying a minimum duration of 12 months, with at least 20% of the training in the course of employment.
“Quality is at the heart of our reforms, and the learning sample is an important part of the creation of the sustainable investment in vocational training.
“We are pleased to see an increase in the number of people from our new, high-quality, standards learning in a range of industries from nuclear energy to the mode, of the act, of the bank and of the defence.
“These courses are designed by employers themselves, to give people and businesses the skills they really need.”