The Migrants work abroad and send money home is one of the largest and often the most overlooked forms of financial aid to the poorest countries – often more than foreign aid.
The Pew Research group has estimated an annual stream of $574bn (£413bn) remittances sent back by migrant workers to their families.
Among the most important beneficiaries – behind countries such as Mexico, the Philippines, and Nigeria is the central American country of El Salvador.
Broken backboards could mean the end of basketball season to the National Institute of General Francisco Menendez, a high school in El Salvador,
The school, known by its Spanish acronym, Inframen, simply did not have enough money to repair them.
Therefore, the association of former students of the school, living mostly in the united states, purchased the new backboards.
These gifts are fueled by nostalgia and the rise in the purchasing power of Salvadorans who have migrated, the majority in the united states.
“When we were students, we were able to accomplish more because the teachers have supported us.
“Personally, I feel that this is the best way that I can give back what the teachers gave me,” said Roberto Pilianni, 56 years old, Inframen old who has lived near San Francisco for 32 years.
“Furthermore, I am a Salvadoran at heart that to be absent from my country, day after day.”Migrant dollar
More than two million Salvadorans live outside the country, but they continue to keep strong links with their place of birth, sending more than $4 billion (£2.9 billion) last year.
El Salvador’s economy relies heavily on remittances, which represents 18% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2017.
These transfers can have a positive impact on education in the country.
But it is to be feared that the relationship could be more fragile than the Trumpet of the administration is implementing policies that threaten the migrant Salvadorans in the united states, even those with legal, but not citizens, of the state.
In September 2019, approximately 200,000 Salvadorans will lose his immigration status known as temporary protected status (TPS) that allowed them to work legally in the united states since the devastating earthquake that struck the country in 2001.
It is estimated that 20% of remittances to El Salvador from GST registrants, according to the obligations of credit rating agency Moody’s).
The inside of the deportations, the meaning of the deportations of people outside of the borders of the regions that have generally been in the united states for years, have increased from 34% under the Trumpet of the administration.
Now, activists of immigration in El Salvador are reporting that the political climate in the US, it is the conduct of some of the Salvadorans to arrange for their return.The moral, as well as money
School budgets are already under pressure and the loss of the migrants ‘ money would mean another financial worries.
“The economic support that our brothers and sisters outside of the country give us is enormous, both in regard to the moral, as in the economic aspect”, said Manuel Hugo Canjura, the director of the Inframen.
The group of former students often step in and fund the new uniforms, volleyball nets or basketball hoops or to provide small grants.
“Considering that Inframen is a school where many students come from the weakness of the economy from backgrounds where there is not a lot of options for a young student who wants to go forward, I want to give them the support and spread the idea that a better future does not exist and it can be achieved through education,” said Mr. Pilianni, who left the school in the 1980s.
His family no longer lives in El Salvador, so that it gives back through its support of the school.
El Salvador is one of the most violent countries in the world outside of a war zone, with a little less than 4,000 homicides last year in the small Central American country the size of Slovenia.The fight against gang culture
Young people are at high risk of joining gangs in el Salvador, a country of 6.5 million people 60 000 gang members.
The school site is not an epicenter for gang conflict, but the students commute from all corners of the city. Some live in gang-controlled neighborhoods and the staff suspects that some students are involved in gangs.
After school, the projects can help reduce criminal activity and drug use.
“When we give them a sport to play, we teach values that they can follow,” said the basketball coach James Douglas of Napoleon.
“This is what I try to instill in them – that they have to study and behave well and all the other values that are so important, especially at this time.”
The coach believes that two of the players on the boy’s basketball team of the last year have been involved in gangs. He hopes that teaching students about the game can have a positive impact on them.
“I want to play a sport to get rid of your stress. It also helps us to know ourselves better,” said Esmeralda Antillon, a 16-year-old student of the basketball team.Knocking on the doors
Pay for after-school programming is the responsibility of the government, but the director reported that last year, it has not all the allocated budget.
The alumni association is aware of this reality.
“Yes, this should be the role of the state, but since the state does not provide what is needed, it is there that the association seeks an alternative, knocks on all the doors, and asks him to partnerships,” said Marvin Velasquez, one of the few members of the past students ‘ association who still lives in El Salvador.
“Foreign aid is huge,” said Mr. Canjura, the director of the school. “If it came to an end, the truth is, I don’t know what we could do.”
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