Fewer children have part-time jobs

A Saturday of work used to be a rite of passage for many children, but the pressure to succeed in school and other factors that is no longer the case.

The number of children of school age who have part-time employment has declined by a fifth over the past five years, new figures show.

The results come from a Freedom of Information (foi) request to all local authorities across the UK responsible for issuing child employment permit.

Employers must apply for a licence to hire staff under the age of 16 years.

More than 140 authorities have responded to the ACCESS to information with the number of permits issued in 2012 to 2016, which showed a decrease in steady decline during this period.

Dr. Angus Holford Institute for Social and Economic Research at the University of Essex said he believed young people in compulsory education have a fear that a part-time job could affect their performance at school.

“Teenagers are always says that you need to get a good Gcse and A-levels to get a good job in the long term,” he said.

“Passing the exams that you need now greater threat in the concerns of the people.”

Geoff Barton, secretary-general of the Association of School and College Leaders, said: “it is well-regulated part-time work is a good way to help young people acquire the skills they will need in their professional life.

“It is essential that young people, and their parents, to ensure that any part-time work that they undertake gives them enough time to study and rest.”

But the decline in children working part-time is not only academic pressure, it is also because of the changing habits of consumption.

One of the biggest drops in of work permits issued has been in Middlesbrough. In 2011, 101 permits were issued to 13 to 15 years, children there, but in 2016, the number was just seven.

The council said the “massive drop” was due to a decrease in the number of people in the region who had a newspaper delivered to their door.

Gareth Lewis, the president of the National Network for Children in Employment and Entertainment, which sets guidelines and good practices for the employers, said that it was beneficial for the children to have some form of part-time work.

“(This decline is not something that we have been made aware of … it is difficult to see why there may be a trend.”

Rachel, 13 years old, works in a discount store in Manchester. She said: “I love my job because I am earning money and it helps me the confidence to talk to people and make friends with people with whom I work.

“I have to be very organized with my homework, so I’ll often do some at lunch time, and then make the rest as soon as I get home from work.”

Krishan started his first job at age 15 working in a cafe in Cirencester, Gloucestershire. He has just turned 16 years old.

“I really wanted to win my own sense of independence and I thought that getting a job would be a good way to do it.

“I love the feeling of freedom it gives me because I am able to make money as well as free time to meet my friends.”Where are the top areas for the children to work?

Norfolk County Council has issued 1,376 permits in 2016. This is equivalent to a little more than one every 20 children (5.2%), aged 13 to 15 years.

Dudley in the West Midlands has 471 permits, equivalent to 4.4% of 13 to 15 years.

Can a part-time job to lead to adult success?

The preparation for the work

Some studies have even shown that not taking a Saturday or a holiday job could be detrimental to a person later on.

A 2015 study conducted by the UK Commission on Employment and Skills that are not participating in part-time work at the school age has been blamed by employers ‘ organizations for young adults being ill-prepared for full-time employment. He also said that this had a negative impact on workforce productivity.

Regulation on the employment of the state who are working for 13 to 15 years old must be light work and between the hours of 7 am and 7 pm (including public holidays).

Jobs that need a permit of detail work, journal of the towers, waiting on tables, the office or the work office, and brochure delivery. The rules are different for the baby-sitting or odd jobs for families and individuals.More on this story

The data on the number of permits issued by the local authorities has been collected by the BBC using the Freedom of Information Act.

We then used the official population estimates published by the Office for National Statistics to calculate the employment rate of 13 to 15 years in each region in 2016.