The problem, in front of the Trump China probe

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As US President Donald Trump of China, a topic will be on the agenda visited the sweeping trade investigation of Chinese policies, which he ordered in August.

The White house said it will probe practices that promote the theft of intellectual property from US companies-a long – festering would end tensions in the United States, Europe and elsewhere.

The Chinese government has said the request was a “serious concern” and warned that it would not sit back if the US actions he considers unfair.

But one of the biggest challenges for Mr Trump’s investigation, comes out of his own country.

Since the White house began to have submitted to its examination, a number of U.S. business groups, which describe the formal comments, your concerns.

However, only six companies have proved willing to forward with complaints, according to the public record of the comments. Many of them are smaller companies already describes known incidents.

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Analysts say, to threaten companies to hesitant, your access to one of the world’s largest markets.

But the decision to stay quiet, has consequences: it is likely to limit the administration’s ability to build a strong case against China.

It can hurt, the ability to effective remedies, but also unilateral action more attractive for the White house.

“It is a very big problem that companies are not willing to specifics, because it will be very difficult for the government of the United States to take effective measures,” says Lee Branstetter, professor of Economics and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University. The Intellectual Property

The White house focus on theft of intellectual property in China for years following the concerns in the United States, Europe and elsewhere about counterfeiting and piracy, hacking, infringement of patents and other forms of theft.

The Commission estimates that the theft of American Intellectual property, that the annual cost to the US economy through counterfeit goods, piracy, and theft of trade secrets between $225bn and $600bn.

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In recent years, the US says that the Chinese government encouraged some of these practices as part of the economic and national security strategies. These include state-backed company with a focus on the promotion of certain industries, such as aerospace, robotics and biotechnology.

The US request for information asked about topics such as politics, the printing company, in order to share information with the local business partners, procedures, opaque approval; and potential cyber-espionage backed by the government.

But the previous US efforts to address this Problem have been hampered by the reluctance of large companies, says Phil Levy, a senior fellow at the Chicago Council on Global Affairs.

“That was the problem,” says Mr Levy served as a trade economist, under Ex-President George W Bush.

“If you want to say, China has these injuries, and we act in response to the… you must have pretty well documented. And to do that you need to have the cooperation of the companies involved.”

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Edwin Rogers is the co-founder of the Bonumose Biochem, a small Virginia-based start-up that was one of the six companies, shared his complaints.

In his case, he says, scientists in China, filed a generic patent for a process for the production of a healthy rare sugar, a technique that he believes that his company had bought the rights to the acquisition of a company in the last year.

The scientists worked in the USA for the company, he says. You are connected with the Chinese Academy of Sciences, supported by the government, unity, and political connections.

He says he felt a “duty” to report, and hopes that his story will help the White house craft a response.China’s Reaction

The office of the U.S. Trade Representative, leading the investigation, has not responded to requests for comment on the investigation.

China maintains he has responded to, relates to, references to laws that prohibit theft of intellectual property, the success of Western companies in Chinese courts, and his own efforts to combat cyber-crime.

In September, after the trump-administration of your study began, it is known that a four-month crackdown focused on intellectual property, and foreign investors.

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In the comments to US investigators sent the Chinese organisations, told US that decisions to form joint ventures and share technology, voluntary agreements between private companies.

You throw the government initiatives, such as Made of advertising in China 2025 “as “”, not necessarily programs.

Some U.S. companies also defend China’s approach.

William Mansfield is the intellectual property director at Abro Industries, a 25-man company, based in Indiana, which makes products such as adhesives and adhesive tape for sale overseas.

He says he has spent years in the fight against counterfeiters in China, and has found successful ways of using China ‘ s system, how to ask for help from local authorities, instead of immediately pursuing a complaint.

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He says that US companies often understand how China works, and wrongly blame problems on the government.

“I’ve just never seen something that would make me believe that there is something else, as the individual counterfeiters acting to maximize their profit and not really care about the rules,” he says.What’s next?

Many U.S. analysts expect that the White house bemäkeln to Beijing, pointed to the growing involvement of the Communist party and rules, which require that foreign companies in some areas to local partners.

But it is unclear what could do in the White house,.

The were able to work with the Chinese government, the cooperation with other countries is the craft an answer that will bring you a complaint in international forums such as the world trade organization, or unilateral action.

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That the risks of a trade war, but also President of the Trump trigger – who has always dismissed again attacked China, while the international covenants – may be more open to the concept, Mr Levy.

The White house strategy in China remains unclear how to promote the various trailing, the conflicting approaches, he adds.

Investigation of Chinese steel companies, for example, has no led action. The White house also wants Chinese cooperation, how it reacts to the missile tests by North Korea.

“It is difficult to find out what they are doing,” said Mr Levy.Company

US trade Minister Wilbur Ross says he expected to take the engagement with the topic of time. But he says the US is looking for immediate offers, such as those between Boeing and Saudi Arabia, as a sign of good faith.

Many companies remain concerned that the White house could be damaged, to satisfy US relationship with China isolationist under President Trump trailers.

Erin Ennis, US-China Business Council, says that about 20% of its members were facing pressure in China, the transfer of the key technology in the past years, adds, however, to report that they also improve the environment in China.

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It calls for the administration to focus on specific changes in China, rather than simply the sanctions, such as penalties.

For example, China to stop the distinction between foreign and domestic companies that could she says.

Even without the testimony of the large companies, associations like yours have enough suggestions for the White house will have to work with the Chinese government, said Ms Ennis.

But Prof Branstetter says that we need stronger, more targeted action, if you expected that to stop intellectual property thefts.

He says that it had the information to do that now, and he has doubts about this government, to have the skills for the craft a clever answer.

“It is easy to see that these go bad,” he says.