In accordance with the document, from September 1, 2018, children of national minorities in kindergartens and primary school subjects in their native language, parallel study of the state language.
The new law On education in Ukraine Thursday, 28 September, in force. The document has previously drawn criticism from a number of countries-neighbors of Ukraine.
The Verkhovna Rada on 5 September approved the new law on education. President Petro Poroshenko September 25, signed the law “On education”, thereby shattering the hopes of the opponents of the document the application to him of the veto.
The law on discrimination. All Poroshenko has signed the law on education
In accordance with the new law, from September 1, 2018, children of national minorities in kindergartens and primary school subjects in their native language, parallel study of the state language. The 5th grade children beginning to learn Ukrainian, and the language of national minorities will be studied as a separate discipline. It may be teaching one or more courses in the languages of the countries of the EU. From 1 September 2020 education will be fully Ukrainian. Such a scenario is provided for all national minorities, including for schools with only Russian language of teaching.
In Hungary called “stab in the back” this step by Kiev, as the country was a staunch supporter of European integration of Ukraine and provided her with humanitarian and financial assistance.
“I will make a fairly tough statement on the situation in Ukraine. There are 150 thousand citizens of Hungary and the Ukrainian Parliament adopted a law that violates the rights of minorities, including Hungarians, depriving minorities of many rights in education. They have deprived minorities of the right to study in their native language in high school,” said the head of the Hungarian foreign Minister Peter Siyyarto.
According to him, “this is completely unacceptable, it goes in the opposite direction from that in which should move Europe”.
SzijjÃ¡rtÃ³ added that Hungary intends to appeal to European authorities and institutions with the requirement to prevent the entry into force of the new law.
The concern of the adopted law also expressed Romania and Moldova. The representatives of Romania appealed to the Ukrainian authorities with a request for opinions of the Venice Commission and of the OSCE high Commissioner regarding the adopted law.
The foreign Ministers of Bulgaria, Hungary, Greece and Romania signed a joint letter to his Ukrainian counterpart Pavel Klimkin, in which he expressed concern about the new law. According to the foreign Minister of Bulgaria Catherine Zaharieva, the same letter will be sent to the Council of Europe and the OSCE.
Moscow believes that the new law violates the Constitution and international obligations of Kiev.
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At the same time, the Ministry of education of Ukraine stated that the Parliament approved a revision of article 7 of the education act “to the Constitution of Ukraine and Ukraine ratified the European Charter for regional or minority languages”. The Department believes that the expansion of teaching in the state language in schools with minority languages due to the need to help children to learn the Ukrainian language and to receive a quality education.
At the moment, according to official statistics, in Ukraine in the languages of national minorities are trained about 400,000 children in 735 schools.
Thus, according to the Ministry, the level of state language proficiency among children of these schools has been steadily decreasing. So, in 2016 more than 60% of students belonging to the Hungarian and Romanian national minorities, are unable to take the exam on Ukrainian language.
“According to statistics, the Ukrainian center for educational quality assessment, in 2016, more than 36% of graduates of Transcarpathia passed the external independent testing (EIT) in Ukrainian language with a score from 1 to 3 points on a 12-point scale. In this case the worst results of testing on the Ukrainian language in 2016 was awarded to graduates of Beregovo district, densely populated by the Hungarian community. So, 75% of the graduates of the area received from 1 to 3 points on a 12-point scale with EIT in the Ukrainian language”, â€” the Ministry informs.
The Department believes that this leads to violation of the constitutional rights of children for admission to higher educational institutions of Ukraine on a competitive basis, and also affects their chances of a successful career.
The head of the Ministry of education of Ukraine Liliya Hrynevych said about the intention to send the law On education for examination to the Venice Commission. According to her, the expert opinion may already be to late fall.