Today in Ukraine the Day of memory of victims of political repression, however, honor the memory of AIDS victims.
The day of memory of victims of political repressions is celebrated according to the Decree of the President dated 21 may 2007, annually on the third Sunday of may, with the aim of honoring the memory of victims of political repression, attraction of public attention to the tragic events in Ukraine’s history, caused by the violent implementation of the Communist ideology, the revival of national memory, assertions of intolerance to any manifestations of violence against humanity in connection with the 70th anniversary of the Great terror – the mass political repression of 1937-1938, in support of the initiative to the public.
The number of victims of political repressions in Ukraine is beyond counting – this is an incredible figure. Some experts believe that since the beginning of the 20’s to the late 80-ies of XX century, during the reign of the Bolshevik-Communist regime in Ukraine were arrested almost a half million people (over 50% of Ukrainians).
A huge number of them were shot, the rest went through the prison, exile, migration (almost 3 million Ukrainians), hard labor camps, forcibly visited psychiatric institutions. Terror and repression has affected almost all segments of the Ukrainian population: scientists, politicians, military, priests, representatives of culture, the peasantry.
Particularly severe and painful legacy of the past was mass repressions committed by Stalin’s regime and his guides in Ukraine in the 30-ies. For example, in Ukraine in 1937-1938 were convicted 197 617 people, including sentenced to death 122237 citizens. The lion’s share of these judgments were passed the “Troika” of the NKVD.
For decades the Soviet government carefully concealed the traces of their crimes: at the burial site was sensitive sites of the KGB, and the earth was filled with concrete, the area was leveled with bulldozers and planted trees. One of the most tragic characters of the era is Bykivnia in Kiev – Bykivnia forest is the largest in Ukraine, the burial place of victims of mass political repressions. Here was the object of special purpose NKVD, where in 30-x – 40-ies was used for mass burials of executed and tortured. The tragedy of Bykivnia is on a par with crimes such as Auschwitz, Buchenwald, Dachau, Babi Yar and Katyn massacre. Traditionally, in Day of memory of victims of political repression the higher persons of the state laid flowers at the national memorial preserve “bykivnya graves.” Laying flowers to the memorials going on across the country, are mourning the chamber and the ceremony.