TOKYO, October 3 — RIA Novosti, Xenia Naka. Nobel laureate in physiology or medicine, asinari, during a press conference after news of the award said that the words of the “benefits” of science spoil the society.
On Monday the Nobel Committee announced in Stockholm that the prize in physiology or medicine for 2016 was awarded for the discovery of the mechanism of autophagy Professor Tokyo Institute of technology Osumi, asinari.
“A word about the fact that science is “useful” spoil the society. It will be really useful, maybe in 100 years. Looking to the future, I hope there will be a society in which science becomes one kind of culture,” said Osumi.
In addition, the scientist urged the children not to get tired to be surprised and cherish this gift.
“Oh, wow!” — this is so much in this world. I’d like to see the children cherished these discoveries,” — said the scientist.
Osumi is an honorary Professor of the Tokyo University of technology. He completed his postgraduate studies at the University of Tokyo, studied in America, he returned home and was engaged in fundamental studies of living organisms. In 1988, he saw under the microscope the process of active movement of protein within vacuoles of the yeast cells. The yeast cell, lack of food, began to break down protein to use it as a source of energy.
Autophagy is often called the “process samopoedaniya” when in times of malnutrition or starvation, the body breaks down unwanted, old or damaged proteins and turns them into a source of energy and growth. Autophagy is inherent to all living organisms, in cells which have a nucleus. It is considered the basis of viability of organisms, including humans.
In a press release, the Nobel Committee stated, “the winner of this year he discovered and described the mechanism of autophagy is a fundamental process of removing and disposing of the components of the cells”. Violations in the process of autophagy or purification of cells from the “garbage” can lead to the development of diseases such as cancer and neurological disease, therefore knowledge of the mechanism of self-purification of cells can lead to new and effective generation of drugs.
The winner this year is the sixth scientist from Japan, who won the award for medicine or physiology. The ceremony of awarding will be held traditionally on 10 December in Stockholm the day of the death of the founder of the Nobel prize — Swedish entrepreneur and inventor Alfred Nobel (1833-1896). The amount of each of the Nobel prizes in 2016 is 8 million Swedish kronor (932 thousands of U.S. dollars).