Eastern front: the year of Russia’s military presence in Syria

Operation of Air and space forces in Syria began a year ago, on 30 September 2015. On this day, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad appealed to Russia with an official request for military assistance. At the same time Syria had sent about 25 aircraft, including bombers su-24, su-25, su-30 fighters and multi-role aircraft su-34. The purpose of the operation — the destruction of ISIL terrorists and the Jabhat Fatah al-sham” (banned in Russia organization). By November 2015 on the basis of Hamim were more than 70 aircraft and helicopters of the Russian space forces. Almost six months later, on March 15, Russian President Vladimir Putin has ordered the withdrawal of a large part of the group from the air base. According to the President, Russian aviation has carried out the tasks before them. Despite this, the remainder of the aircraft continued airstrikes. During the operation of the Russian aircraft flew about 13 thousand sorties. The campaign could be spent not less than 56 billion rubles.

The situation in Aleppo

Aleppo — one of the largest cities in Syria. Before the war the city’s population of 2.4 million people. By 2016, this number was reduced to 300 thousand

Is Aleppo in the North of the province, which allows controlling his troops to freely enter to the Turkish border. Due to the fact that Aleppo is located at the intersection of several major highways, the opposition and government forces trying to capture it in 2012. None of the parties has failed for four years to establish full control over the city. However, the “free Syrian army” militants “Jabhat Fatah al-sham” (the former Jabhat al-Nusra and other groups hold of the Eastern areas of the city that does not allow the government army to capture the city.

The situation in Aleppo deteriorated again after September 19, the Syrian army has announced its withdrawal from the ceasefire. Assad, on 22 September began a large-scale operation to release the rebels from Eastern areas of the city. September 27, government troops advanced toward the center of Aleppo, seizing some controlled by the rebels quarter of Farafra. The situation in Aleppo has caused concern of the world community, what is happening is called “the largest humanitarian catastrophe since the Second world war. The exact number of the victims of the latest attacks is unknown. It is established that air strikes had destroyed a water tower and one of the branches of the main city hospital.