Terrorist and extremist groups and foreign intelligence services are one of the main threats to Russia, according to a draft of the information security doctrine of the country, prepared by the security Council. The document stresses that the country needs to neutralize the impact, “aimed at the erosion of traditional Russian spiritual and moral values”.
Among Russia’s national interests in the information sphere, the document listed ensuring the smooth functioning of the information infrastructure and “bring to the international community with objective and reliable information about government policies”.
As one of the major negative factors which may affect the security of the country, named the buildup of foreign countries possibilities to influence the critical information infrastructure of the country. The document notes that foreign intelligence services “information-psychological” affect other States “to destabilize the political and social situation in various regions of the world.”
“These activities will involve religious, ethnic, human rights and other organizations, including public and structure, as well as certain groups of citizens. While intensive use of information technologies”, — emphasized in the project.
The authors of the doctrine have noted that in the foreign media, a growing number of biased evaluations about the politics of Russia and the Russian publication “are often subject to overseas blatant discrimination.”
“Increasing information influence on the population of Russia, primarily for young people, with the purpose of blurring cultural and spiritual values, undermine the moral foundations, historical foundations and Patriotic traditions of its multinational people”, — stated in the document, while the extent of computer attacks on the information infrastructure of Russia is constantly growing.
The goals of Russia in information security provided to contain and prevent military conflicts that may arise as a result of aggressive use of information technology” and “improving the system of information security of the Armed Forces”, as well as predicting possible threats in that area.
The gap from the West
In the new draft doctrine also States that Russia lags behind other States in the use of information technologies and the domestic economy and the industry remains heavily dependent on foreign technologies. Russia needs to develop its own information technology, the document says.
In the fall of 2014 at the meeting of the security Council, it was decided to create a so-called backup infrastructure — “duplicate elements” of the global Network in Russia. The goal is to ensure the smooth operation of the Internet in the country in the event of unforeseen threats from the outside. The need to do this the authorities became convinced in early 2015: after the introduction of economic sanctions against Russia and Crimea, the us Registrar Godaddy has stopped the delegation of domain names to users on the Peninsula, Crimeans have lost the access to the sites.
The doctrine made “explicit focus” on national technological sovereignty in the it field — “a paraphrase of the import substitution strategy”, said the Advisor of the PIR center Oleg Demidov. Judging by the text of the doctrine, the policy of replacing foreign software and hardware it solutions Russian taken “the long haul”, I’m sure Demidov. In addition, the inclusion in the text of the doctrine provisions about the “sustainable and smooth functioning of the information infrastructure of the Russian Federation” says that among the priority directions for the state sustainable, stable and safe development of the Runet.
By the end of 2015 the Ministry of communications has issued a portion of accumulated over nearly two years of ideas in the project of the Federal law. The Internet as one of the basic values of modern man, can be a tool of pressure on Russia from the United States in the event of another round of strained political relations, and may become a bargaining chip in case of external threats, explained a senior official. There is a desire to compensate for possible unfriendly steps to bring down whole segments of the Internet,” said in February, press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov.
In six months there have been several versions of this bill, and each was controversial: some believe that talking about a “purely technical” amendments, others that the document will allow to create in the Russian segment of the Internet equivalent of the Chinese “Golden shield”, a fully state-controlled. In summer, the main version of the bill may be posted for comment on the Federal website, told RBC a source familiar with the development of the bill. Until the end of the year the new law will probably be adopted by all instances, specified the Federal official. In fact, the future Federal law will create a “backup” of the Runet, or rather its infrastructure.
The latest innovations
Recent tighter regulation in the Internet contained in “anti-terrorist” package of bills Deputy Irina Yarovaya and Senator Viktor Ozerov, who on Friday took the state Duma. It obliges the operators and organizers of information dissemination on the Internet store in Russia the content of calls and messages of users up to six months. Law enforcement will be able to access this information without a court order. In addition, Internet companies should be able to decode all messages encrypted with user and pass FSB “keys” to that traffic.
The idea is to strengthen state control over the infrastructure part of the Runet and to ensure its isolation appeared in the spring of 2014 on the background of aggravation of relations of Russia with Western countries. The sovereignty of the Russian segment of the Internet became a priority. For example, one of the initiatives of the ad hoc working group under the administration of President then was the introduction of more strict control over operators, in particular the division of all players into the three levels of data networks: local, regional and Federal.
In the summer of 2014, the exercises took place “off” of the Runet from the global Network, in which participated representatives of the Ministry of communications, the defense Ministry and the FSB. The teachings was to show how to behave in the Russian segment of the Internet at different types of threats “from outside”, in particular — what will happen to the information in domenichi I. RF. The idea of such exercises was born, then, of the “ideological confrontation between Russia and the United States,” wrote “Kommersant” with reference to its sources.
The Threat Of Syria
The previous version of the doctrine of information security was adopted in 2000. About the revised version in the spring of 2015 told security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev. “This is primarily linked with the emergence of new military dangers and threats,” he explained. Their visible manifestations in the events of the “Arab spring” in Syria and Iraq, situation in Ukraine and around it” (quoted by TASS).
At the end of 2015, Vladimir Putin approved a national security Strategy, the new doctrine is its continuation. The strategy stated that Russia has demonstrated its ability to ensure the sovereignty, independence, government and territorial integrity, protect the rights of compatriots abroad” has increased its role in solving major international problems, the settlement of military conflicts, the rule of international law in interstate relations. One of the priorities of Russia in the long term was called “consolidate her status as one of the leading world powers.”
The information security doctrine was seriously revised for the first time since 2000, govorit Demidov. “During this time there have been fundamental changes in the landscape and the vectors information security threats — both at the level of individual organizations, and state and society as a whole,” he said. In particular, therefore, the document says a lot about the state of the threats of cyber attacks on critical infrastructure worldwide, after the USA and Israel attacked Iran’s nuclear program using the Stuxnet virus in 2010, to ignore such threats is impossible, Demidov explains. A similar item has almost all similar documents of other countries — USA, Japan, Germany or Kazakhstan, says Demidov.
“Specifically defensive” doctrine can be traced to the point where we are talking about “information-psychological actions aiming at destabilizing the internal political and social situation” on the part of other States, indicates Demidov. “It is a clear stream of concern of the authorities with the threat of “color revolutions”, which first moved from their point of view to the fore in 2011 with the beginning of the Arab spring and since then does not disappear,” — says the Advisor of the PIR center.