Not in this convocation
That the state Duma will take consideration of the resonance of the draft law simplifying export of cultural values abroad, in the autumn session, told RBC source in the government confirmed a source in the Ministry of culture. The Chairman of the Duma Committee on culture Elena Drapeko has also confirmed RBC that the bill is not submitted to the lower house, which in the current convocation left to hold two meetings.
The bill introduces a new definition of “cultural value” — personal property (goods, objects) of historic, artistic, scientific or other cultural significance. The amendments propose to exempt from customs duties non-state museums in the import and export of works of art. Duty is now not only pay state and municipal museums.
The export of works of art older than a hundred years will become possible on the basis of special certificates issued by the Ministry of culture. To control the import and export values, which are less than a hundred years, will have some Executive authority, it will determine the government (in the original version, these powers were assigned to the Rosarkhiv).
Theoretically, the document can still be considered during the spring session, said Drapeko. Thursday, June 23, the Council of the state Duma, shaping the agenda, will decide which bills the lower house will hear during your last meeting on June 24. “But the likelihood that this bill will consider negligible. In any case, we keep our finger on the pulse. If the document decides to hear, we will do everything to not have him,” said Drapeko.
Amendments to the laws On the import and export of cultural values”, “On customs regulation” and the Tax code may 17, 2016 submitted to the state Duma the Chairman of Committee of the lower house on budget Andrey Makarov and the Chairman of the Committee on culture Ekaterina Kuzmicheva (imagine the “United Russia”). Later sponsored by six deputies from “United Russia”. 3 June, the Committee Makarov approved the amended version of the bill. The Committee on culture, co-executor of this initiative, gave a negative opinion. On 8 June the state Duma adopted the bill in the first reading with the strongest opposition of the opposition parties: 235 deputies voted in favor, 198 against. Drapeko at the meeting of the state Duma called the amendments of deputies from “United Russia” attempt “to hack the system of protection of our national culture.”
At the meeting on 8 June it was decided to finalize the bill a second reading in the shortest possible time — amendments decided to accept on 11 June. This meant that the authors had a desire to approve the document until the termination of the mandate of the current convocation of the state Duma, believes Drapeko. “But apparently we have the answer to the presidential administration, which decided to take a closer look at this bill and to postpone its consideration”, — the Deputy assumes.
Review Makarova failed to obtain phone MP on Tuesday evening was not available, told RBC employee of the press service of “United Russia”.
The main critic of the bill Makarova and Kuzmicheva from the beginning and became the Ministry of culture. At the end of may it had developed and submitted to the office of the government project a negative opinion on the bill. At the same time, it did not approve, and send to the state Duma.
In the draft opinion of the Ministry of culture said that the initiative of deputies of divided cultural values into two groups, and to prescribe for each its rules of import and export is contrary to the law of the Eurasian economic Union (Customs Union). In addition, officials did not understand how it was planned to build rosters of cultural values, as well as plans for the division and licensing experts who will be engaged in the analysis of works of art older or younger than a hundred years. Finally, the amendments of deputies, according to representatives of the Ministry of culture, involves significant spending and a significant increase in staff numbers of state bodies”.
The source of RBC in the government said that the draft opinion was agreed not to assert, as the Cabinet decided not to interfere in the process of reviewing the document in the state Duma. But the Ministry of culture has prepared a new opinion (there RBC) on the bill — this time to version second reading. This review is also negative, as prepared by the Ministry of culture certificate (there RBC) to the document with a squeeze of the key proposals of deputies and brief remarks on them officials. And help and opinion signed by the first Deputy Minister of culture Vladimir Aristarkhov June 15, was sent to the government office.
The position of the Ministry of culture has become even tougher. Officials acknowledge that the document is partly taken into account the comments of the Department, but in General it “worsens the state of Affairs in the field of export-import of cultural values”.
Fixation of the absurd
The bill, according to representatives of the Ministry of culture, as before, violate the rules of the Customs Union (CU). Now the export and import of cultural values is regulated by the customs agreement, the customs Union countries, so even if the bill is approved, the current enforcement practice will make meaningless the bulk of it contained innovations” and bring “more confusion to the existing situation,” reads the note.
According to officials, is not substantiated by the division of all cultural values into two groups — created in 1917 and after 1917, that is, for this date. A proposal to create two of the authorized Agency, which oversaw export and import of these two groups of cultural values altogether “absurd,” I believe in the culture: instead of “simple” and “functional system” is created “a difficult and unclear how to work,” say the officials.
The creation of two parallel structures will lead to inconveniences for citizens and experts, stated in reference to the bill: since it is not always clear what the age of the subject of art, many citizens will have to turn first in one structure and to pay for the services of an expert, and then to another Agency, if it turns out that “the initial appeal was not there”, give an example officials.
They note that against the bill deputies in addition to the Ministry of culture and the state Duma Committee on culture has acted as Advisor to the President of Russia on culture Vladimir Tolstoy, the Federal security service, the Ministry, the Union of Russian museums, and collectors and experts.
The interlocutor of RBC in the government said that if the document will be moved to the autumn, the postponed and consideration of the opinion of the Ministry of culture.