The predictions of the billionaires: how they see the future world’s richest businessmen

The founders and leaders of the largest technology companies in the world, occupying the first lines in the ranking of Forbes, they often invest in ambitious projects: they are interested in the exploration of space, providing Internet access to the entire planet, the fight against poverty. Entrepreneurs predict how technology will change our lives. RBC remembered the most vivid ideas of well-known businessmen and the top managers.

Jeff Bezos, founder and CEO of Internet retailer, Amazon

Placement of plants in space

The founder of the American online retailer Amazon Jeff Bezos suggested to protect the Earth by transferring all heavy industry into space. According to the businessman, the plants can be built in space over the next few hundred years.” To move beyond the limits of the planet should be the production, which consume too much energy. In space, unlike the Earth, solar energy is available at all times, Bezos explained.

Light industry and residential areas, according to the businessman, will remain on the Ground. Although this will not be the only planet where you can meet someone: people should settle on Mars, “because it’s cool,” says the founder of Amazon. He himself is invested in the company Blue Origin, which in 2018 is going to start sending tourists into space.

Elon Musk, the founder and CEO of the companies, SpaceX, and Tesla Motors

The Colonization Of Mars

American businessman and inventor Elon Musk in 2014, said that his company SpaceX intends to participate in the colonization of Mars. To send a mission to Mars billionaire plans in 2018, wrote The Guardian. It will be an unmanned flight, which will help to explore how to deliver large loads to the Red planet, if the project of its colonization will be possible, explained to the edition, the representative of SpaceX.

In April, SpaceX was the first to make a vertical landing of the first stage of the rocket Falcon 9 on a floating platform in the ocean — after four unsuccessful attempts. The rocket landed on the platform after separation from the cargo ship Dragon, which headed for the International space station.

Sergey Brin, Google co-founder

The distribution of the Internet with balloons

In 2013, Google started to test a new project — Project Loon, which envisages granting to the people of the whole world of high-speed Internet by means of balloons. The implementation started with developing countries: in 2015, the company announced the launch of the first 300 balls over Indonesia, 100 million of the 250 million inhabitants of which do not have access to the network.

Google co-founder Sergey Brin is confident that the technology will spread throughout the world. “I think it [technology] is suitable for most countries”, — said the businessman. Also tested Google balloons with Internet in Australia, Brazil and New Zealand, wrote the MIT Technology Review.

Mark Zuckerberg, founder and CEO of Facebook

Internet with drones

Competition balloons from Google can make a Facebook project for Internet distribution from the air. The company Mark Zuckerberg decided to connect to the network two-thirds of the population of the Earth with the help of drones. They will be equipped with laser emitters for signal propagation “literally from heaven”, said the businessman. “This will significantly increase the speed of data exchange over large distances”, — says the head of Facebook.

Zuckerberg’s initiative, which was called Internet.org already managed to cause dissatisfaction: in may 2015, with 67 companies from different countries signed an open letter to the businessman, in which he claimed a violation of project principles of net neutrality, the threat to freedom of expression, equal opportunity, security, privacy.

Peter Thiel, the PayPal co-founder

The floating “city of the future”

In 2008, the co-founder of PayPal and one of Facebook’s first investors Peter Thiel invested in the project to create floating cities covered by the Seasteading Institute. A year later, the billionaire described the future of the island as a place of “no politics in all its forms”, according to the publication Wired. “Perhaps we have reached a stage where it is economically feasible or will soon be appropriate,” wrote Thiel.

Later, it became clear that the project is too ambitious. It is recognized and Thiel, stating that it is unlikely to be able to build a “libertarian utopia” in the near future. In addition, building cities in the ocean turned out to be more expensive than suggested by the inventors of the project. They, however, did not abandon their ideas. “We need a variant in which to start a project with a budget of less than $50 billion,” said Thiel.

Yuri Milner, a private investor

Flight to alpha Centauri and the search for extraterrestrial civilizaci

Flight to alpha Centauri — a project that “can be carried out in the span of one generation,” said Yuri Milner in an interview with RBC. In April 2016, the businessman in the company of the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has announced the launch of the program Breakthrough Starshot, the aim of which is to run to the stars space nanopart weighing just a few grams at a speed of 160 million km/h now Existing spacecraft can reach the star alpha Centauri at least 30 thousand years. Milner and Hawking are going to do it for 20 years.

A year ago, the Russian billionaire also invested $100 million in search of intelligent life beyond Earth. Money for the search for signals from intelligent civilizations and sending signals from the Earth will be allocated for 10 years, but the exact date when the search should produce results, no. “There are no KPI, sitting, looking, improve software, improve server-side part plug-in new telescopes and keep looking. After 10 years, if we don’t, we are with you once again this situation will discuss and, maybe another 10 years prolong”, said Milner in an interview with RBC.

Bill gates, founder of Microsoft

The disappearance of poor countries

By 2035 the world will not remain poor countries, predicted the founder of Microsoft bill gates in 2014. His words he backed up by the statistics: since the 1990s, the number of people living below the poverty line, has decreased by half, and even in Africa, average incomes increased by two-thirds.

Thus, the costs to the charity, according to gates, is still small: even the most “generous” country Norway allocates to foreign assistance less than 3% of the budget. Gates sure if he will be able to stimulate the generosity of the rich, by 2035 the world will not remain poor countries (according to the world Bank, in 2014, there were 35). However, several countries still will not be able to cope with poverty, recognized the billionaire, for example, North Korea and Haiti.

Tim cook, CEO of Apple

The death of cash

Apple’s CEO Tim cook, speaking to students in Dublin in November 2015, predicted the disappearance of cash: “Your children will not know what money is”, — he said to the listeners. Read more to explain my point of view cook, however, did not.

Jeff Bezos, founder and CEO of Internet retailer, Amazon

Placement of plants in space

The founder of the American online retailer Amazon Jeff Bezos suggested to protect the Earth by transferring all heavy industry into space. According to the businessman, the plants can be built in space over the next few hundred years.” To move beyond the limits of the planet should be the production, which consume too much energy. In space, unlike the Earth, solar energy is available at all times, Bezos explained.

Light industry and residential areas, according to the businessman, will remain on the Ground. Although this will not be the only planet where you can meet someone: people should settle on Mars, “because it’s cool,” says the founder of Amazon. He himself is invested in the company Blue Origin, which in 2018 is going to start sending tourists into space.