Trial run: how much cost of Russia’s own cosmodrome

Export of the rocket “Soyuz-2.1 a” with the launch complex of the Vostochny space centre, on 23 April 2016

Wednesday at 5:01 Moscow time the launch of the first rocket from the Vostochny cosmodrome (at 11:01 on the Blagoveshchensk). The launch will see President Vladimir Putin.

Roscosmos said that the startup was preparing “normally”. But just in case scheduled backup day — April 28, says the interlocutor of RBC. According to him, there is always a spare day and the launch may be postponed, for example due to changes in the weather or which revealed faults. “Putin in the event of force majeure will not remain on the second day,” — says the employee of the Russian space Agency.

That will be launched into space?

The carrier rocket “Soyuz-2.1 a” should put into orbit three satellites — Lomonosov, AIST-2D” and SamSat-218. All three satellites of the Russian production and are launched for scientific purposes, reported the state Corporation. Apparatus “Lomonosov” was assembled at JSC “Corporation “VNIIEM” commissioned the Moscow state University for the analysis of light phenomena in the upper atmosphere and basic research, AIST-2D” and SamSat-218 — specialists of TsSKB-Progress ” and Samara state aerospace University. The purpose of the launch “Stork-2D” — remote sensing of the Earth, SamSat-218 — development of technology control of small spacecraft.

Now completed the construction of the first phase of the centre, which can be launched by the launch vehicles of the middle class “Soyuz-2”. In order to meet the construction schedule, the Russian space Agency has reduced the number of objects of the first stage of the cosmodrome from 20 to 11. Construction work was scheduled to be completed by 30 November 2015, but in October to allow Putin to postpone the first launch in April 2016.

What will happen after launch?

After the premiere launch spaceport will be complete. Executive Director of Roscosmos Andrew Mazurin said in 2016-2017 launches, most likely, will not, and starting in 2018 and for the next few years there will be little. The construction of the East should take place in three phases. In the end, its area should be about 700 sq km, that is, ten times smaller than the Baikonur cosmodrome. The whole will be built over 450 sites, 100 km of roads and the same iron, was reported by Roscosmos.

The second phase of construction of the cosmodrome is scheduled for 2016-2023 years. The representative of Roscosmos said that the preparation for the tender will not begin before September, then the same will be determined by the construction parameters. According to the results of the second phase (2016-2020) will be built starting and technical complexes for rockets “Angara” and the infrastructure for manned flights. The third stage is planned in 2030 — then launch you can launch the super-heavy class launch vehicles, including lunar expeditions.

How much cost the construction?

On the creation of space rocket complex “Soyuz-2” left of 94.4 billion rubles on infrastructure — 60.8 billion rubles., for work on “the Hangar” — 6,1 billion rubles, counted RBC.

In spetsstroe warn that the main costs are still ahead. “The second phase will be much harder than the first, since the rocket is another class, and a set of wider”, — told RBC Deputy head of Spetsstroy Alexander Mordovets. The second stage of construction of the cosmodrome, according to Rogozin, will require about 250 billion rubles.

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The resulting estimates do not exist. There is only a plan, spelled out in the Federal space program for 2016-2025. Her government plans to allocate 1.4 trillion rubles., and after 2022 — 115 billion roubles (the program includes, in particular, the development of spaceports). Officials in their assessments of the final value differ: in December 2011 the Director of Spetsstroy Naginsky Gregory, a figure of 300 billion rubles., in the same December, the space Agency has submitted to the government estimates already on 493 billion roubles, the head of the scientific and technical Council of Roscosmos Yuri Koptev in 2015 is saying that you need 560 billion by 2025.

Will the Eastern replacement for Baikonur?

Eastern is the first Russian cosmodrome for civilian use. Now the majority of Russian launches for civil purposes occurs from the Baikonur cosmodrome, leased by Russia until 2050. Russia annually pays the rent is $115 million, according to RBC representative of Roscosmos. The Plesetsk space centre in Arkhangelsk region is mainly used for military purposes.

Eastern has advantages over Baikonur, told me in 2007, led at that time by the Federal space Agency Anatoly Perminov. Among the advantages he called a convenient arrangement: the first stage of the rocket will fall near the spaceport in the taiga, the second — in the waters of the ocean. In 2010, Perminov promised that by 2020 the East can be transferred to 40-45% of the required runs, including for purposes of weather observation, communications, broadcasting, navigation. “The proportion of problems solved with the use of the Baikonur cosmodrome, will be reduced from 65% to 11%,” — said Perminov.

After the completion of the East Russia has no plans to abandon the use of the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at least until 2030. The President of the Moscow space club Sergey Zhukov believes that the decision to remain at Baikonur strategic: many countries such as the US and China, several spaceports for risk diversification.

How much money is “buried” in the construction of Eastern?

The construction of the East was accompanied by scandals, resignations and criminal cases. Roskosmos head changed twice. In the end, the Department has been headed by ex-President of AVTOVAZ Igor Komarov. In the summer of 2013, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev dismissed the head of the Spetsstroi Grigory Naginsky — the General contractor of the construction. In “Dalspetsstroy” — subordinated to the unitary enterprise Spetsstroy that is actually engaged in construction, — changed from 2013, five leaders.

In particular, in November 2015, Russia’s Investigative Committee (SKR) announced the completion of a criminal investigation against the former head of “Dalspetsstroy” Yuri Chrisman and the chief accountant of the enterprise Vladimir ashikhmina. According to investigators, in 2011-2013 chrisman and Ashikhmin illegally spent of 5.16 billion from 22.6 billion rubles of advance for 11 state contracts. The money went to payments on loans “Dalspetsstroy” which, in the opinion of the TFR, caused material damage to the state. Chrisman and Ashikhmin arrested, their case of the far-Eastern district military court is considering behind closed doors.

Photo gallery
How to build the Vostochny space launch centre



The Vostochny cosmodrome is one of the most important buildings of the country, which the President has designated a national project. Work in the area of the closed Uglegorsk Amur region in full swing…

Showing 14 photos

Not less loud was the story of the delay in the payment of wages to the builders of the cosmodrome. In December 2014 the Fes for the first time reported that one of the subcontractors of Pacific bridge construction company (TMK) — was indebted to 1100 employees in nearly 61 million rubles., but the debt has already been repaid. Four months before the company left the Victor Grebnev, the General Director and the owner. Grebnev went to work in the administration of Primorsky Krai, and in comments to “Kommersant” claimed to have sold 75% stake in TMK “Moscow structures”. The arbitration court of Primorsky Krai on TMK has introduced a procedure of observation, and six months later declared the company bankrupt.

TFR opened a criminal case on Grebneva, suspecting him of the damage to the company at 400 million rubles, the Company issued a press release in which it announced that Grebnev spent allocated money for construction on the yacht, the purchase of apartments and construction of a three-storey mansion. However, the TFR has considered that the delay in payment of salaries should be the responsibility of the new leader, and opened a criminal case in which he was arrested, Igor Nesterenko, who headed Grebneva after TMK. Judicial proceedings against Grebneva and Nesterenko continued. Grebnev, resigned from the administration of Primorye. According to the labor collective, the debt as of 21 April 2016, amounted to 129 million rubles, the Fact the debt was confirmed by the Prosecutor’s office of Primorye.

In addition to the criminal cases filed numerous lawsuits to arbitration: Spetsstroy and “Dalspetsstroy” trying to recover from unscrupulous contractors through the courts of more than 4 billion rubles However, according to the SPARK database, the amount of the claim to “Dalspetsstroy” is much more: in just two and a half months of 2016 the amount of claims exceeded 6.8 billion rubles In 2015, the contractors have filed lawsuits against the General contractor, in the amount of 9.9 billion.

Whether the authorities were able to recoup the cost of the construction of the East?

Russia plans and commercial launches from the Eastern. The first is planned for 2018, was told on 12 April, the head of the state Corporation Igor Komarov. According to “Kommersant Money”, we are talking in particular about the largest contract in the history of the launch services agreement signed between the British company OneWeb and the French Arianespace, which involved the launching of satellites of the same system when using 21 of the carrier rocket “Soyuz”.

According to Komarov, the Russian businessmen also show interest in the organization of space tourism, and the Federal space Agency is prepared to technically support these initiatives, but the state Corporation “do not focus” on the independent development of this market.

According to the Director of research and analytical center of the United rocket and space Corporation Dmitry Paison, the proportion of commercial orders for the provision of space services in Russia and the USA are practically the same — about $11.3 billion in the corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of cosmonautics Andrei Ionin sure that the authorities don’t need to recoup costs on the East, and found it difficult to give figures in which the spaceport could earn. When developing the project, three objectives were set, says expert: the development of the far East region, attracting investment, and young professionals and the development of international cooperation in the space industry. According to Ionin, private rocket launches from the East — the prospect is remote. “Private rocket first you have to build, you have to see if there is a launch pad under it, infrastructure. If in Russia there will be private rocket, the launch site can make money on it: about 10% of the cost of launch — it will be the income of the cosmodrome”, — he said.