Investigation RBC: as friends of the President and the mayor became the oilers

Since the launch of the capacity of Antipinsky oil refinery has increased 18-fold in revenue more than 300 times

Office of the New Stream group is located in one of the houses on Gogol Boulevard, a few minutes from the Cathedral of Christ the Savior and the Kremlin. New Stream an informal Association of assets with a total revenue of $5.8 billion and $2.6 billion (according to the group): one of the largest in Russia Antipinsky oil refinery, Mari refinery, oil wells in the Orenburg region with total reserves exceeding 40 million tons of oil and the eponymous firm-trader, registered in Switzerland. Inconspicuous entrance to the massive iron door produces only a small plaque with the name of the group. Mazurov doesn’t like crowds, but the explosive growth of his business is hard to miss. This contributed to solid partners who prefer to stay in the shade: it’s an old friend of Vladimir Putin Nikolai Egorov, who received 20% of Antipinsky oil refinery, and friend of Sergei Sobyanin, Vladimir Kalashnikov, who has an option on 25% of the company. As they were in the same business?

Start-up capital

Mazur came to the oil business young, when “snatch” already divided. In 1998, the graduate Department of physics, Kazan University, under the patronage of his father got a job in a trading firm and engaged in tolling schemes, and two years later went to the increase in the Kazan office of “Nizhnekamskneftekhim”.

But the ambitious young man wanted something “global”. At the end of 2001, Mazurov moved to Moscow and founded the company “Neftegazokhimicheskie tekhnologii” (NGHT) the first own business. For Mazurov was followed by colleagues who later took leadership positions in his business.

In Moscow Mazurov rapidly acquired useful contacts. “Kazan friends” he took contact with the ex-Deputy Minister of gas industry of the USSR of faisulla Gainullina and founder of the “ITERA” Igor Makarov, bought a gas one and sold the other. Then he proposed a joint project owners of the company “Selena” Anatoly Bondaruk and Vladimir Kaniber. “Mazurova on the market, no one knew, we have advanced, acquainted with all Directors (NPZ Bashkiria and tatarii. RBC),” says Caliber. Bondaruk, the Senator from Bashkortostan from 2011 to 2014, personally carried Mazurov in “tour” in the factories.

Dmitry Mazurov is just over ten years he built one of the largest refineries in Russia
Photo: Yuriy Chichkov for RBC

“>

Dmitry Mazurov is just over ten years he built one of the largest refineries in Russia Photo: Yuriy Chichkov for RBC

Two of the new circle of acquaintances Mazurova later became business partners. In 2003, he met with Mikhail Barishansky, who now serves on the Board of Directors of Antipinsky oil refinery. Beresensky organized import gas condensate from Kazakhstan and Mazur provided refining at the Ufa factories. Momentum NGHT jumped to tens of millions of dollars, under which partners could draw money on credit.

The case brought Mazurova with Gennady Lisovichenko, the future General Director of Antipinsky oil refinery: they collided in the office of the Bank “Oil Alliance”. Lisovichenko, whose career began in the 1970s in the Prosecutor’s office of the Tyumen region, also recently moved to Moscow. By the time travelers Mazurov Lisovichenko, he said, for five years was engaged in tolling schemes of oil refining at the Ufa factories, where thanks to his contacts in the Surgut and Nizhnevartovsk supplied the raw materials. He was a co-owner of “Collegeport”, and his partner was Rushan Davletov, a minority shareholder of the Russian innovative fuel and energy company (RITEK, the “daughter” LUKOIL), together with President of LUKOIL Vagit Alekperov and the former head of Transneft, Semyon Vainshtok.

The Legacy Of “Transneft”

In early 2004 the Tyumen familiar Lisovichenko told that the Russian Federal property Fund (RFFI) auctioned a block kit ready refinery, owned by “Transneft”, capable of processing 0.5 ml tons of oil per year.

The project on construction of oil refinery near Tyumen in the middle of the 1990s, conceived to implement the managers of the company “Sibnefteprovod” (the subsidiary of Transneft). They enlisted the support of the then Governor of the Tyumen region Leonid rokerage and purchased the processing plant from the American Petrofac. “Sibnefteprovod” has already begun to prepare the site near the village of Antipino. The location was very good: half a kilometer lies the main oil pipeline “Transneft”, but in the Antipino railway station is. The entire project was estimated at $50 million.

However, the native of LUKOIL Simeon Weinstock who has headed “Transneft” in 1999, reacted to the draft of the Tyumen cool refinery: processing was recognized as non-core business, explains a former employee of the monopoly. For the big players, such as LUKOIL, which in the Tyumen has a large network of filling stations, the plant could become a competitor. “Sibnefteprovod” bankrupted the Antipinsky oil refinery, which bought the equipment for loans under its guarantee, but belonged to him only by a quarter, and the rest to private persons. Bought the installation is stuck at customs and was arrested for non-payment of fees. Customs officers handed the installation of the Russian Foundation for basic research, who put her up for sale.

RFBR held the auction in the fall of 2004. The company Mazurov became their sole member, primary (and final) price was $10 million Major players unit with a capacity of 0.5 million tons was uninteresting, and petty was not millions of dollars “access”, Mazur explains the lack of competition. Most entrepreneur, who was then only 28 years old, the required amount borrowed Interprombank, at that time belonged to the native of Vnesheconombank Gogino Vitaly, a former employee of Vostokintorg” Oleg Antonov, the current Senator Valery Ponomarev, as well as a prominent representative of the community of mountain Jews in Moscow Rachamim Emanuilova. Mazur says that once helped an acquaintance he knew Emanuilova through some “Kazan friends” and why you came to that Bank. Now Mazur is the largest shareholder of Interprombank, he and partners owned it about 40%.

Governor to help

Buying equipment, Mazur and Lisovichenko has started construction, taking as a basis the project of the “Sibnefteprovod”. The estimate of $50 million and so seemed Mazurov, “scary big”, but costs only increased: in 2005 prices it was about $70 million.

Construction financed on loans under the momentum, “Petrochemical technologies”, which provided Beresinski. Lisovichenko moved to Tyumen to supervise construction. Mazur continued, in his words, “to pester banks”. A loan of $20 million issued Probusinessbank, in a year the same gave Raiffeisenbank. The remaining amount, according to Mazurov, rests on the contractors who have agreed to payment after delivery of the object.

Money was not the only problem. The installation fits on a single hectare, says Mazur, but on the infrastructure of the plant needed additional 24 hectares of Land next to the area rented by the entrepreneurs that activities were not on it, but after learning about the interest of investors, tried to attach it for good money, says Vladimir Yakushev, Governor of Tyumen region, and in that moment the then Deputy Governor Sergei Sobyanin.

<p>Moscow mayor Sergei Sobyanin, in&nbsp;2001 was elected Governor of the Tyumen region, showed a &ldquo;political will&rdquo; and&nbsp;played an important role in&nbsp;the creation of Antipinsky oil refinery</p>

<hr />
<p><em>pictured: Governor of the Tyumen region, 2001</em></p>

Photo: Alexey Shchukin/TASS

“>

Sergei Sobyanin, in 2001 was elected Governor of the Tyumen region, have shown “political will” and was instrumental in the creation of Antipinsky oil refinery

The picture shows the Governor of the Tyumen region, 2001

It first came Mazurov, Sergey Sobyanin. After inspecting the construction site in August 2005, the Governor instructed to work out the allocation of vacant sites, wrote the local newspaper “Tyumen news” and “the Tyumen line”. In the end, the government terminated the contract with the tenants on the basis that the land is not used as intended, says Yakushev.

Later, the mayor helped plant with connection to the main pipeline. Formula standard, says Mazur: “Write an appeal to the Governor in order to implement such investment project, please support”. The Governor sends a letter to the “Transneft”, says Mazur: “Otherwise we may not hear.” “I had to raise the issue at the Federal level,” confirms Yakushev. Sobyanin is well acquainted with the then head of Transneft, Vainshtok, another Kogalym where he worked as the General Director of “Kogalymneftegaz” and Sobyanin was mayor of the city.

Was if help Sobyanin something special? For the region’s own refinery is processing, jobs and taxes, lists Yakushev: “So it was very important to show political will. Mr Sobyanin such will showed, and the project started”. The mayor’s office, which in 2010 is headed by the mayor, answered the question RBC formally: “In the period of the Governor of the Tyumen region Sobjanin have been initiated and supported a number of major industrial projects, including refineries”.

Sobyanin start of the plant is not caught. Three months after the visit to the construction site, he went to Moscow to increase to lead the administration of the President. But unattended plant is not left: the number of partners Mazurova appeared buddy Sobyanin, Vladimir Kalashnikov.

Elders

In the glass shelving behind the desktop Dmitry Mazurov-set photos. The owner of the office is depicted only on one along with three governors at the opening of the second phase of Antipinsky oil refinery. The rest is tucked in a high middle-aged man together with Sergei Sobyanin posing with leaders of the highest rank, then with Vladimir Putin, the President of “Rosneft” Igor Sechin and Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Kozak. Another picture is next to the icons, which occupy the Central part of the wardrobe it’s the same taut, a man is seen behind Dmitry Medvedev and his wife during his service in the temple.

The man in the pictures Vladimir Kalashnikov. Since 2008, he serves on the Board of Directors of Antipinsky oil refinery. On the website of the factory made only one mark: the Kalashnikov is responsible for communication with authorities.

<p>Vladimir Kalashnikov, a friend and countryman of the mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin, in 2016 implements a call option on 25% of Antipinsky oil refinery</p>

<p></p>

Photo: courtesy of the press service of JSC “Antipinsky oil refinery”

“>

Vladimir Kalashnikov, a friend and countryman of the mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin, in 2016 implements a call option on 25% of Antipinsky oil refinery

Mazurov is Kalashnikov as his friend, who “decided to take a risk and invest money in his business”. According to him, since 2008, at the Kalashnikov has an option on 25% of shares of CJSC “Antipinsky oil refinery”, which he received in exchange for the loans even with the establishment of the plant.

A friend of the owners of Antipinsky oil refinery says that Mazur and Kalashnikov met in 2005, when the region is left Sobyanin. Mazurov looking for this experience to keep good ties with the area. Kalashnikov was one of those who could provide, he headed the representative office in Tyumen region in St. Petersburg. Indeed, with Governor Yakushev (together with Kalashnikov sits on the Board of the Union of biathletes of Russia) the relationship was no worse than his predecessor. A Kalashnikov and Mazurov became partners and friends.

Their extensive connections, the Kalashnikov has grown in St. Petersburg. A native of Khanty-Mansiysk, in 1975 he moved to Vyborg. While studying in aviation school, he became interested in athletics and even graduated from national state University of physical culture, sport and health named. P. F. Lesgafta (the same as Arkady Rotenberg). In the mid-1990s, a former athletics coach Alexander Romanenko engaged Kalashnikov in a small business real estate Agency “Adveks” (now he brings in about 300 million rubles per year commision, says Romanenko). Then the Junior partner received a share of 24%, and now wife Olga Kalashnikova and his father-in-law Vyacheslav Belyakov owned close to a controlling share of the top ten companies included in “Adveks”.

Kalashnikov even since the 1990s, is familiar with many influential people from St. Petersburg, says the Senator from the Rostov region and former President of the Russian Olympic Committee Leonid Tyagachev: by Igor Sechin, Vladimir Kogan, Arkady Rotenberg, Viktor Zolotov, etc.

In addition, Kalashnikov friendly with Sobyanin, says one of the friends of the Moscow mayor and confirmed by two businessmen of the Tyumen region and two former officials of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug (KHMAO).

Advisor Sobyanin

Kalashnikov was an adviser to Sobyanin in the late 1990s, when the current mayor was the head of the Duma of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug Ugra, says former official of the office of the government of KHMAO. They could meet in St. Petersburg, implies a subordinate of the former Governor HMAO Alexander Filipenko. According to the interlocutor of RBC, he several times flew in the delegation of the leaders of the KHMAO. At least one such visit involving Sobyanin took place in late may 1998, the order Filipenko. Kalashnikov was familiar with the staff of the representative office of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous district in St. Petersburg and often together with them, met the guests of Ugra, says former subordinate Filipenko. Kalashnikov and Sobyanin has a joint passion: both are big fans of hunting, say two entrepreneurs from Tyumen.

When Sobyanin was the head of Tyumen oblast, Kalashnikov headed its representative office in St. Petersburg. And when the current mayor moved to the capital and headed the presidential administration, the Kalashnikov has become his Advisor. Now Kalashnikov is not an adviser to Sobyanin, told RBC representative of the mayor.

Had to communicate and relatives Sobyanin and Kalashnikov. In 2010, their children Anna Sobyanin and Vyacheslav Kalashnikov established in St. Petersburg a joint business. According to the extract from the unified state register Anna sobyanina owns an apartment in 204,9 sq. m in the house on Malaya Konyushennaya, 14. Several apartments at the same address belong to TFK, OOO (owned by the son and father-in-law of the Kalashnikov) and Olga Kalashnikova. She also heads TSZH Malaya Konyushennaya 14″, follows from the data “SPARK-Interfax”.

To questions about the relationship between Sobyanin and the Kalashnikov press service of the Moscow city hall did not answer. RBC made numerous attempts to contact Kalashnikov, but none was successful. Representatives of Antipinsky oil refinery and the Union of biathletes of Russia told RBC that Kalashnikov did not show interest to communication with journalists. He did not respond to the request about the meeting, conveyed through his friend.

Communication Kalashnikov with “Tyumen”, the NHP can be traced back to 2006, when the owner of 100% shares of CJSC “Antipinsky oil refinery” was OOO “Gaztransservis”. The owner of this company in the summer of 2006 was yunikom, OOO belonging to Alexey Schurovskiy, who runs several companies Kalashnikov.

In August 2008 the owner of 40% of Gaztransservis” was the father-in-law of the Kalashnikov Vyacheslav Belyakov, the same share in the company came from Mazurov. “Gaztransservis”, according to “SPARK-Interfax”, owned Antipinsky oil refinery until 2011. Then the factory owners hiding behind offshore: the owner of 99,9% of actions of factory has become Cyprus firm Vikay Industrial Limited (even 0,01% received individuals whose names are not disclosed). According to the extract from the Cyprus registry 2010 Vikay Industrial Limited belongs to Mazurov at 100%. Mazur argues that offshore was needed to formalize the pledge of the shares under English law for a loan of Raiffeisenbank.

Kalashnikov was also drawn to one lender, who later became co-owner of the plant Nikolay Egorov, Vladimir Putin’s classmate, a famous lawyer and a co-owner of lawyer Bureau “Egorov, Puginsky, Afanasiev and partners”

“>

A respected lawyer

St. Petersburg lawyer, Nikolai Yegorov is famous for the fact that gave impetus to the political career of President Vladimir Putin, recommending him to the then mayor of St. Petersburg Anatoly Sobchak to work in the foreign relations Committee. This fact wrote scientific Director Egorova Yuri Tolstoy in an essay for the 60th anniversary of lawyer (published in the journal “Jurisprudence”, 2007). In the presidential election in 2000, Egorov was a confidant of Putin.

The name of Nikolay Egorov, it is also well known to many representatives of Russian big business. Leaving teaching at the law faculty of Leningrad state University in 1993, Egorov, together with his former student Dmitry Afanasiev and former Deputy chief gosarbitrazh of the RSFSR Boris Puginsky founded the law office “Egorov, Afanasiev, Puginsky and partners. The Bureau has not only become one of the largest and very influential. The authorities have often trusted him with the decision sensitive issues: the protection of Russians accused of killing Chechen separatists leader Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev in Qatar, the protection of Russia in the International court of justice in the Hague Georgia. In 2015, the Bureau defended the interests of the Russian Federation in the courts with “a daughter” ExxonMobil Corp. and Indian Titanium Products Private Ltd. In September 2011, Bureau staff received a presidential citation “For active work on protection of interests of the Russian Federation”.

Yegorov was invited to this business Kalashnikov as “a respected person” and a kind of “Bastion of stability”, said RBC representative of Antipinsky oil refinery.

From data to EGRUL it follows that Egorov became co-owner of Antipinsky oil refinery in August 2008, when he received 20% of “Gaztransservis”. However, Mazur asserts that he sold an option only in 2015. From January 2016, 20% of the refinery belongs to a Mine Project Corporation from the Seychelles, data about where in the local registry could not be found. The remaining 80% from Vikay Mazurova.

Egorov himself said that he learned about Antipinsky oil refinery shortly before his election to the Board of Directors (may 2008). In its response to the request of RBC said: “the Company liked it, and I chose to invest money in the construction of a new refinery, not to buy and sell created during the Soviet time, the objects, to which, according to information in the media, and is often the modern Russian “business”.

Find out when and under what circumstances they got acquainted Egorova and Kalashnikov failed. Their friend told RBC that they know each other since the 1990s. Interestingly, in late 2004, the full namesake Egorova and father-in-law of the Kalashnikov Vyacheslav Belyakov became neighbors by purchasing apartments in the elite house No. 13-15 on the 2nd street on Kamenny island in St. Petersburg with an area of 95 and 124 sq m respectively. In this house only a few dozen apartments, and become its resident is not easy, said the CEO of the company “Luxury apartments” Leonid Rysev. According to him, this is one of the first luxury complexes in St. Petersburg (completed in 2004) and the first few years to buy an apartment in the open market was impossible, “only through their”. The owners of the other flats in it, as follows from the statements from EGRP, the number of full namesake grandson of Arkady Rotenberg, the wife of Viktor Zubkov Zoe etc. He side-by-side is the house number 19, in which the apartments have a full namesake of a close friend of Putin Gennady Timchenko, Nikolai Shamalov, Arkady Rotenberg and others.

Two houses on&nbsp;Birch street&nbsp;&mdash; no&nbsp;13&ndash;15 and&nbsp; n&nbsp;19&nbsp;&mdash; one of&nbsp;the most prestigious residential buildings in the Northern capital. In the first in&nbsp;the end of 2004, the apartment has become a full namesake of Nikolai Egorov and&nbsp;father-in-law of the Kalashnikov Vyacheslav Belyakov, homeowners in&nbsp;the second (pictured) is a full namesake of close friends of Vladimir Putin&nbsp;&mdash;&nbsp;Gennady Timchenko, Nikolai Shamalov, Arkady Rotenberg and&nbsp;etc.
Photo: RBC

“>

Two houses on Birch street, No. 13-15, and No. 19 one of the most elite residential buildings in the Northern capital. In the first in late 2004, the apartment has become a full namesake of Nikolai Egorov and father-in-law of the Kalashnikov Vyacheslav Belyakov, homeowners in the second (pictured) is a full namesake of close friends of Vladimir Putin Gennady Timchenko, Nikolai Shamalov, Arkady Rotenberg and others. Photo: RBC

Egorov on questions about relationships with Kalashnikov did not answer.

Since the Kalashnikov and Egorov was appointed to the Board of Directors of Antipinsky oil refinery jointly with their Mazurov business turned into a full-fledged oil company with its own production.

Joint projects

Dmitry Mazurov largest shareholder of Interprombank, he directly owns 21% of the Bank, 20% of his partners on the New Stream. The second largest shareholder is businessman through Yakubov Israil, OOO Prom-invest, registered at the same address with one of the companies Ilham Rahimov. This is a classmate of the President and Nikolai Yegorov, as well as a business partner God Nisanov and zarakh Iliev. Iliev, Mazurov, Vladimir Egorov and the Kalashnikov are the Board of Directors of Interprombank.

According to “SPARK-Interfax” in 2006, father Dmitry Mazurov, Nikolai Egorov and father-in-law of the Kalashnikov Vyacheslav Belyakov has established OOO “Ural project, dealing with manufacturing products in steel. The project was a failure, says a person close to the management Board of Antipinsky oil refinery.

Interests Mazurova and Egorova crossed another business. In early 2016 the structures close to Mazurov, departed, OOO Magistral XXI. Before that, OOO was controlled by Nikolay Egorov. In 2011 “Magistral” concluded with the OCE leases 19 buildings (mostly warehouses and greenhouses) at the estate for ten years and two more buildings on the territory of the VVTS for 15 years.

The first oil

Own oil “makes sure that the spot of the enterprise will not be” admitted General Director of Antipinsky oil refinery Lisovichenko in an interview with the magazine “Expert” at the end of 2012. At that time 10% of the raw material requirements of Antipinsky oil refinery was closed due to six of its oil fields (only 0.3 million tons per year), purchased from TNK-BP in 2010. 10% cannot be called raw material security,” said Lisovichenko. Until 2016, he promised to purchase “the field with a solid level”. The opportunity to acquire oil production was soon introduced. In November 2013, Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich instructed the Ministry of natural resources and Rosnedra to prepare a competition for three fields (Mokotowskie, as well as parts and Vorontsov Gremyachinskogo, with total explored reserves of 42 million tons of oil in the Orenburg region] the Orenburg region. Initially, to study the issue demanded President Vladimir Putin, it follows from the text of the order. (copy have RBC). And this is confirmed RBC a source close to the Ministry of environment. Initiate contests had to “prevent the danger of man-made disaster”, explained the President’s press Secretary Dmitry Peskov.

After a major fire in 1971 in the Buzuluk forest have been frozen 162 wells, many of which are corroded. There were oil leaking into the soil and waters of the national Park, says the Federal official in charge of the government subsoil use. The Ministry of natural resources proposed to be limited to the liquidation of the emergency wells at the expense of the budget, says a person close to the Agency. But in the office of the Dvorkovich insisted on the sale of plots with wells -with the possibility of oil production, says the interlocutor of RBC, close to the Ministry of environment.

Against the resumption of production was made by the Orenburg deputies and the public. However, following the request. (copy of order is at the RBC, the representative of the Deputy Prime Minister declined to comment), in November 2014, the Agency has announced tenders. Exploration and production of oil outside the boundaries of the national Park, stressed the representative of the Ministry of environment.

The competition attracted the interest of many oil companies. Applications were submitted by “Gazprom Neft”, the Independent oil and gas company (NOC) Eduard Khudainatov and even the Hungarian company MOL. The Agency “REGNUM” with reference to local deputies and the local “businessman” referred to the interest in the contest and “Rosneft”. In the end, at the auction there were only “Gazprom oil” (its representative has refused comments), and Antipinsky oil refinery. MOL NNK and weed out the competition Commission because of formal complaints to the submitted documents. “Rosneft” never went to the contest the conditions were formulated so that win can only one participant, and the presence of others did not make sense, told RBC press Secretary of “Rosneft” Mikhail Leontyev. Indeed, at the auction there was a special condition: as stated in tender documentation, posted on the portal torgi.gov.ru the winner is required to Refine raw hydrocarbons produced on the part of the Vorontsov field (the same conditions apply and the other two fields. RBC), the Russian oil refineries with high processing depth of <…> and located in the southern part of the Ural Federal district”. This condition corresponds to only one refinery Antipinsky oil. The Ministry argues that a reservation was needed for “a more rational use of refining capacity in the country.”

<p>up To 97% will increase the processing depth at Antipinsky oil refinery. For Russia it is a record of</p>
Photo: Fedor Telkov for RBC

“>

Up to 97% will increase the processing depth at Antipinsky oil refinery. For Russia it is a record

In March 2015, the recognized winner of Antipinsky oil refinery, which agreed to pay 16 billion rubles initial payment, designated “Rosnedra” for 20 years the right to extract oil at three fields. According to the representative of Antipinsky oil refinery, competitors afraid of high prices. The Agency has calculated it on the basis of average annual prices for 2014 (about $100 per barrel), although in January 2015, the price of Urals oil amounted to less than $50. “The participants, considering the economy, refused to buy them. And we’ve been preparing for this for two years and we had to take,” explains the representative of the refinery. The press service of the losers “Gazprom Neft declined to comment. The Ministry said that Antipinsky oil refinery has become the winner of “on the basis of expert opinions”. In 2016, the management Board of Antipinsky oil refinery expects to receive on acquired deposits the first oil and after four or five years to bring production up to 4 million tonnes per year.

The Mari oil refinery

In 2015 structure Dmitry Mazurov acquired from VTB Mariyskiy NPZ, according to the report, New Stream. The factory, founded in 1995 by co-owners of the Russian wine and vodka company, VTB has departed for debt. Managers Mazurova manage Mari refinery in 2014. Since the processing capacity of this plant increased from 1.44 million to 1.6 million tons.

The Mari oil refinery was turned over to the structures close to Mazurov, in exchange for the repayment of the loan, said a source close to VTB. Now the debt to VTB is 4 billion rubles, said the representative of Antipinsky oil refinery. Prior to the transaction Mazur estimated the debt before VTB at approximately $100 million.

Where is the money

The pace of development of Antipinsky oil refinery are the envy of many experienced businessmen-oil. Since the launch of the Tyumen factory of his revenue grew more than 300 times (according to the company). By 2015 the volume of processing at Antipinsky oil refinery has reached 9 million, that is 18 times more than was able to handle the installation, launched in 2006. In 2016, the depth of oil processing at the plant will reach a record for Russia 97%. According to Mazurova, just to the development of Antipinsky oil refinery (excluding the purchase of oil assets) invested $2.7 billion Where did the money?

The first years, the export of fuel oil main at the time of product refinery brought $100 a ton. With such cost-effectiveness Mazur was thinking only about increase in volumes of processing, to improve the quality of the fuel was no good. Already in 2007, it paid off its debts for the first place and won $105 million in the Raiffeisenbank in the second. Its launch in 2010, has increased the refinery’s capacity to more than 3 million tons and cost $300 million Remaining funds occurred in a small friendly banks”, including Interprombank, and reinvested earnings.

That all changed in 2010 when government announced the policy of raising export duties on fuel oil. Mazur decided to increase the depth of processing, and it was already very different scale of investment. Total investment in the third phase of the refinery owners was estimated at $2 billion.

“>

In 2011, Mazur turned back to Raiffeisenbank for a loan. The Bank has agreed to syndicate only $750 million (the syndicate, in addition to Raiffeisen, consisted of four credit institutions the parent of Raiffeisen Bank International AG, Gazprombank, Globex and WestLB AG). Mazur asked for more, but the syndicated loan market is not allowed to attract such a significant amount, admits the head of Department on work with the enterprises of the natural resource sectors of Raiffeisenbank Ilya Maly.

In 2013, Mazur has addressed in the Moscow Bank of the savings Bank, which at that time was headed by the first Deputy Chairman of Sberbank Maxim Poletayev. Mazur and used to come to Poletayev with the “project real estate”, says one of the employees of the savings Bank, but “something did not grow together”.

This time all has developed successfully. Application Mazurova successfully passed the examination at Sberbank CIB (Sberbank Investbank) and was approved by Central office. The transaction took place, Mazurov, as he says, he went to the savings Bank “on meetings”.

All negotiations were conducted with Mazurov, confirms a top-the Manager of the savings Bank. The Bank participated in Poletaev and co-head of Sberbank CIB Alexander Bazarov. Egorov and Kalashnikov did not participate in them, says an employee of the savings Bank, but the fact that they are co-owners of the refinery, “it was known at once.”

Did when influential partners Mazurova? He Poletaev has transferred through a press-service of the savings Bank that the “procedures in the savings Bank built in such a way that a personal relationship management cannot influence the decision-making on transactions”.

Personal relationships can associate Nikolai Yegorov and Chairman of the Board of Sberbank German Gref. They are more familiar with the 1990s through the then mayor of St. Petersburg Anatoly Sobchak, said two people familiar with the banker. And Egorov, and Sobchak worked at the law faculty of Leningrad state University, and Gref, as the media reported, was a graduate student last. Egorov later became an adviser to Sobchak, and Gref counsel in city hall. The representative offices of “Egorov, Afanasiev & partners and did not respond to a request RBC.

The General Director of the refinery Gennady Lisovichenko in an interview with Tmn Tyumen magazine said that “in the creation of the prospects of modernization of the enterprise was participated by the President of Sberbank German Gref. He gave the nod to the transaction, confirms an employee of the savings Bank. The decision was justified, said the interlocutor of RBC, a clear business model, shareholders of open, this is a personal guarantee Mazurova: “If not to lend to such projects, then what? Retail and office projects that are already on our last legs?”

The issue of petrol &laquo;Euro 5&raquo;, which is scheduled for the first quarter of 2017, the refinery will bring in $0.5 billion of EBITDA
Photo: Fedor Telkov for RBC

“>

The production of gasoline “Euro-5”, which is scheduled for the first quarter of 2017, the refinery will bring in $0.5 billion of EBITDA Photo: Fedor Telkov for RBC

In December 2013 Sberbank of Antipinsky oil refinery has allocated $1.75 billion by 2022 on plant modernization and refinancing of the entire debt. Standards and resources are allowed, explained the representative of the savings Bank. And to lend only to large oil companies “incorrectly”, he said: “To maintain competition in the market needs to exist and an independent refinery.

Factory owners had to give up dividends in order to service huge debts (the most recent data on total debt of the plant on 30 June 2015 leads the National rating Agency (NRA) 113 billion rubles). The owners also had to refinance 100% stake and 100% stake in Swiss trader New Stream Trading, as well as translate all the proceeds to the accounts of Sberbank. Mazur argues that, instead of dividends to shareholders have to be content with the fees of the members of the Board of Directors. Comparable refineries in the members of the Board of Directors receive 20 million rubles a year, says partner of recruitment Agency Cornerstone Vladislav Bykanov. However, in 2014-2015, the plant was still unprofitable, and profit, which in 2010-2013 amounted to 3 billion rubles was reinvested.

More than $5.7 billion revenues totaled New Stream for 2015

In addition, Sberbank has an option to purchase shares of Antipinsky oil refinery, said an employee of the state Bank and confirms a person close to the refinery. Taking into account the proportion Egorova, option Kalashnikov and requirements of the savings Bank to the Mazurov refinery remained in control, the state Bank can receive up to 5% of the plant.

After the transaction, Mazur met with Gref and credit for the purchase of deposits in the Orenburg region (12.9 billion rubles) has already agreed on personally with the Chairman of the Board, tells the employee of the savings Bank. Six months later the savings Bank has provided Antipinsky oil refinery another 15 billion roubles to the plant for production of gasoline “Euro-5” and $100 million for working capital.

“>