Retailers and the tax authorities argued for the information about the market

After the transition to the new trade cash registers “somewhere” will collect unique information about the structure and dynamics of the consumer market of Russia, spoke last week at a meeting in the state Duma Committee on economic policy Director of the Union of independent networks (includes regional players in the retail market) Sergey Kuznetsov. “And from the point of view of producers and from the point of view of trade networks is information, which is not the price,” said Kuznetsov. But in the new bill on the cash register, which is now considered by the Duma, the procedure for the use of this information is not defined, and who will be its custodian, not specified, said the representative of retailers.

Information with new online ticket office will receive the Tax office; and any other information received from taxpayers, it will be protected by the regime of tax secrecy, said retailers, the head of control Department tax service of Tigran Petrosian. “Needless to say, is protected as a tax secrecy is criminal liability,” added taxman.

But trade networks are very interested in access to this data on an aggregate basis, and they offer to remove the regime of tax secrecy, told RBC Kuznetsov and confirmed by the Chairman of the Presidium of the Association of retail companies (akort unites the largest Russian retailers) Ilya Lomakin-Rumyantsev.

Market players do not want this information to be protected, on the contrary, the idea is to generalized information about the state of the market could spread “for development purposes, for economic purposes,” said Kuznetsov. “Once you aggregate the data on one day for multiple companies, tax secret will disappear like smoke, but it is information that is extremely needed, such as meat producers”, — he explained. Colleagues Kuznetsova, who also attended the meeting, suggested FTS to access for analysis of trade data a special Department.

“The IRS could do it” — supported retailers, the Chairman of the Duma Committee on ekonompolitike Anatoly Aksakov, calling the idea “useful”. Distribution of the Federal tax service analysts about the state of the consumer market — “discussion questions”, said the representative of the FTS.

A bill on the transition of companies and organizations on cash registers, capable of online sharing details about each sale to the Federal tax service, was submitted to the Duma by the government in January this year, adopted in the first reading and is preparing for the second.

For example, “Plato”

In the disclosure of data that via new cash registers will be transferred to the tax authorities, are interested not only trading company, but also manufacturers, said Lomakin-Rumyantsev from the HSE. Based on the information about the structure of sales, retailers will be able to see real trends, and manufacturers can plan production, he said RBC. “Processed from the data may even be paid, as long as it was anonymised and lost its status as tax secrets,” says Lomakin-Rumyantsev. In his view, for the process requires one additional amendment to the legislation. “Once in Russia there were private operators of the state payments, the practice can be applied to data coming from trading companies,” suggests the source.

Earlier, the government gave a private company the right to collect payment for travel on Federal highways heavy vehicles (system “Platon”, see extract).

“Plato” not only for tax collection

System “Plato” allows you to collect not only new taxes, but also unique data on the traffic situation in the country, believe Roman Gorbachev and Hope the frost from the Laboratory of wave processes and control systems technology.

A key feature of the system “Platon” — collection of tax on motor vehicles with carrying capacity over 12 tons for the use of Federal highways. On the roads of Russia will appear about 2 million transponders (transmitter-receiver devices), which can read information on moving trucks.

But for scholars and analysts of the value of the system lies in the fact that the obtained data about movement of the truck can open new ways to control the traffic situation in the country and help to examine the problems that normally causes the movement of large trucks on Federal highways.

The transponders and route map make a detailed map of the movements of the trucks — with proper Analytics it can solve several problems at once. So, scientists believe, it will allow to predict more accurately the damage to the road surface (for compensation cost and introduced), to optimize logistics processes, to introduce speed limits on the right areas due to the intensive movement of trucks and hence prevent accidents.

The system “Plato” according to Gorbachev and frost, the great potential of progressive management of Federal highways in the country.

Today, if there is reliable information on the volume of market segments, trends, etc., then collect it consulting company, such as Nielsen, explains the interlocutor of RBC in one of the large retail networks. Per Nielsen data, which is a monopolist in this market, retailers are forced to pay “very large” money, overall commercial research only available to the largest companies, told RBC one of the participants in the Duma. The data of Rosstat often controversial — there are suspicions that his data has error, says one of the interlocutors RBC. “If the information supplied to the tax authorities, in processed form will be transmitted on a commercial basis, I would like it to be available to all players, as sales figures will pass on to all players,” adds the source. The press service of the Nielsen did not respond to a request RBC, sent on Tuesday evening.

Raw data

The official FNS indicates that the initiative can be implemented by the market players: the regime of tax secrecy from their indicators every company can shoot themselves, giving permission, he explains. In accordance with article 102 of the Tax code tax secret make any representations received by the tax authority, internal Affairs bodies, investigative bodies, bodies of the state extra-budgetary Fund and the customs authority information about the taxpayer. The exceptions are information that are publicly available, including “those who are with the consent” of the taxpayer.

But the idea of retailers in the distribution of impersonal information object source in a large trading network.

In this scenario, the market players may not be fully realized, says the interlocutor of RBC in the tax office. Because of a single reference commodity items in Russia, the tax will be able to aggregate data only on the revenue of the companies on the basis of data, which will come online. “Every company calls the product differently in your accounting system. Data trade item is a separate model should be developed”, — says the interlocutor of RBC. He found it difficult to give a timeframe for when this can be done. However, he believes that it is unlikely that these data will be open.

The disclosure of sales data in retail chains, of course, can be used by unfair participants of the market: competitors will be able to learn about the successful sales of some of the networks and conditionally buy back the goods, the head of the legal Department of ACG “MEF-Audit” Ivan Chemichev. But if the information is anonymised, will be given as statistics, but in greater detail, it can be of benefit, does not preclude a lawyer. “Once the retailer is probably necessary. We often see on the shelves unsold products, maybe it’s [about the market] will help retailers more accurately plan purchases,” he concludes.